Bancroft-Preis

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Der Bancroft-Preis (engl., Mehrzahl, Bancroft Prizes) ist ein Preis der Columbia University für amerikanische Geschichte und Diplomatie-Geschichte. Der Preis wird seit 1948 verliehen und gilt als einer der bedeutendsten Preise für Amerikanische Geschichtsschreibung.

Er ist nach dem Historiker Frederic Bancroft (1860–1945) benannt.

Preisträger[Bearbeiten]

Jahr Autor und Werk
1948 Allan Nevins. Ordeal of the Union. New York : Charles Scribner and Sons, 1947.
Bernard DeVoto. Across the Wide Missouri. New York : Houghton Mifflin, 1947.
1949 Robert E. Sherwood. Roosevelt and Hopkins. New York : Harper & Brothers, 1948.
Samuel Eliot Morison. The Rising Sun in the Pacific. New York : Little, Brown, 1948.
1950 Lawrence Henry Gipson. The Victorious Year, 1758–1760. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1949. Vol. VII of The Great War for Empire.
Herbert Eugene Bolton Coronado. Whittlesey House and the University of New Mexico Press, 1949.
1951 Arthur N. Holcombe Our More Perfect Union. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1950.
Henry Nash Smith Virgin Land. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1950.
1952 Merlo J. Pusey Charles Evans Hughes. New York : Macmillan, 1951.
C. Vann Woodward. Origins of the New South, 1877–1913. Baton Rouge, LA : Louisiana State University Press, 1951.
1953 George Dangerfield. The Era of Good Feelings. New York : Harcourt, Brace, 1952.
Eric F. Goldman Rendezvous with Destiny. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1952.
1954 Clinton Rossiter. Seedtime of the Republic. New York : Harcourt, Brace, 1953.
William L. Langer, S. Everett Gleason. The Undeclared War. New York : Harper & Bros., 1953.
1955 Paul Horgan. Great River, The Rio Grande. Rinehart, 1954.
Leonard D. White The Jacksonians. New York : Macmillan, 1954.
1956 Elizabeth Stevenson. Henry Adams. New York : Macmillan, 1955.
James G. Randall, Richard N. Current. Last Full Measure: Lincoln the President. New York : Dodd, Mead, 1955.
1957 George F. Kennan Russia Leaves the War. Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 1956.
Arthur S. Link Wilson: The New Freedom. Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 1956.
1958 Arthur M. Schlesinger The Crisis of the Old Order. New York : Houghton Mifflin, 1957.
Frank Luther Mott. A History of American Magazines. Vol. 4. Cambridge, MA : The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1957.
1959 Ernest Samuels. Henry Adams, The Middle Years. Cambridge, MA : The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1958.
Daniel J. Boorstin. The Americans: The Colonial Experience. New York : Random House, 1958.
1960 R. R. Palmer. The Age of the Democratic Revolution: A Political History of Europe and America, 1760–1800. Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 1959.
Margaret Leech. In the Days of McKinley. New York : Harper & Bros., 1959.
1961 Merrill D. Peterson. The Jefferson Image in the American Mind. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1960.
Arthur S. Link. Wilson: The Struggle for Neutrality, 1914–1915. Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 1960.
1962 Lawrence A. Cremin. The Transformation of the School. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1961.
Felix Gilbert. To the Farewell Address: Ideas of Early American Foreign Policy. Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 1961.
Martin Duberman. Charles Francis Adams, 1807–1866. New York : Houghton Mifflin, 1961.
1963 Page Smith. John Adams. New York : Doubleday, 1962.
Roberta Wohlstetter. Pearl Harbor: Warning and Decision. Palo Alto, CA : Stanford University Press, 1962.
John G. Stoessinger The Might of Nations: World Politics in Our Time. New York : Random House, 1962.
1964 William E. Leuchtenburg Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal, 1932–1940. New York : Harper & Row, 1963.
John Lewis Thomas. The Liberator: William Lloyd Garrison. New York : Little, Brown, 1963.
Paul Seabury. Power, Freedom, and Diplomacy: The Foreign Policy of the United States of America. New York : Random House, 1963.
1965 Bradford Perkins. Castlereagh and Adams: England and the United States, 1812–1823. Berkeley, CA : University of California Press, 1964.
William B. Willcox. Portrait of a General: Sir Henry Clinton in the War of Independence. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1964.
Dorothy Borg. The United States and the Far Eastern Crisis of 1933–1938. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1964.
1966 Richard B. Morris The Peacemakers: The Great Powers and American Independence. New York : Harper & Row, 1965.
Theodore Friend. Between Two Empires: The Ordeal of the Philippines, 1929–1946. New Haven, CT : Yale University Press, 1965.
1967 William W. Freehling Prelude to Civil War: The Nullification Controversy in South Carolina, 1816–1836. New York : Harper & Row, 1966.
Charles Sellers. James K. Polk, Continentalist, 1843–1846. Vol. II. Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 1966.
James Sterling Young. The Washington Community, 1800–1828. Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 1966.
1968 Henry Allen Bullock. A History of Negro Education in the South from 1619 to the Present. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1967.
Richard Bushman From Puritan to Yankee: Character and Social Order in Connecticut, 1690–1765. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1967.
Bernard Bailyn The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution. Cambridge, MA : The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1967.
1969 Winthrop Jordan White over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro, 1550–1812. Chapel Hill, NC : University of North Carolina Press for the Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1968.
N. Gordon Levin Woodrow Wilson and World Politics: America's Response to War and Revolution. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1968.
Rexford Tugwell. The Brains Trust. New York : The Viking Press, 1968.
1970 Charles Sellers. Charles Willson Peale. New York : Charles Scribner's Sons, 1969
Gordon S. Wood The Creation of the American Republic, 1776–1787. Chapel Hill, NC : University of North Carolina Press for the Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1969.
Dan T. Carter Scottsboro: A Tragedy of the American South. Baton Rouge, LA : Louisiana State University Press, 1969.
1971 Erik Barnouw. The Image Empire: A History of Broadcasting in the United States from 1953. Vol. III. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1970.
David M. Kennedy. Birth Control in America: The Career of Margaret Sanger. New Haven, CT : Yale University Press, 1970.
Joseph Frazier Wall. Andrew Carnegie. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1970.
1972 Carl Neumann Degler Neither Black Nor White. New York : Macmillan, 1971.
Robert Middlekauff. The Mathers: Three Generations of Puritan Intellectuals, 1596–1728. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1971.
Samuel Eliot Morison. The European Discovery of America: The Northern Voyages. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1971.
1973 Frances FitzGerald. Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam. Boston : Atlantic, Little, Brown, 1972.
John Lewis Gaddis. The United States and the Origins of the Cold War. New York : Columbia University Press, 1972.
Louis R. Harlan. Booker T. Washington. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1972.
1974 Ray Allen Billington. Frederick Jackson Turner: Historian, Scholar, Teacher. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1973.
Townsend Hoopes. The Devil and John Foster Dulles. Boston : Atlantic, Little, Brown, 1973.
Stephan Thernstrom. The Other Bostonians: Poverty and Progress in the American Metropolis, 1880–1970. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1973.
1975 Robert Fogel, Stanley Engerman. Time on the Cross: The Economics of American Negro Slavery und Time on the Cross: Evidence and Methods. Boston : Atlantic, Little, Brown, 1974.
Alexander L. George und Richard Smoke. Deterrence in American Foreign Policy: Theory and Practice. New York : Columbia University Press, 1974.
Eugene D. Genovese. Roll, Jordan, Roll. New York : Pantheon, 1974.
1976 David Brion Davis. The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770–1823. Ithaca, NY : Cornell University Press, 1975.
R. W. B. Lewis Edith Wharton: A Biography. New York : Harper & Row, 1975.
1977 Alan Dawley. Class and Community: The Industrial Revolution in Lynn. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1976.
Robert A. Gross. The Minutemen and Their World. New York : Hill and Wang, 1976.
Barry W. Higman. Slave Population and Economy in Jamaica, 1807–1834. Cambridge, Eng. : Cambridge University Press, 1976.
1978 Alfred D. Chandler. The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1977.
Morton Horwitz. The Transformation of American Law, 1780–1860. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1977.
1979 Christopher Thorne. Allies of a Kind: The United States, Britain, and the War Against Japan, 1941–1945. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1978.
Anthony F. C. Wallace. Rockdale: The Growth of An American Village in the Early Industrial Revolution. New York : Alfred Knopf, 1978.
1980 Robert Dallek. Franklin D. Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy, 1932–1945. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1979.
Thomas Dublin. Women at Work: The Transformation of Work and Community in Lowell, Massachusetts, 1826–1860. New York : Columbia University Press, 1979.
Donald Worster. Dust Bowl: The Southern Plains in the 1930s. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1979.
1981 Ronald Steel. Walter Lipmann and the American Century. New York : Little, Brown, 1980.
Jean Strouse. Alice James: A Biography. New York : Houghton Mifflin, 1980.
1982 Edward Countryman. A People in Revolution: The American Revolution and Political Society in New York, 1760–1790. Baltimore, MD : The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981.
Mary P. Ryan Cradle of the Middle Class: The Family in Oneida County, New York, 1790–1865. Cambridge, Eng. : Cambridge University Press, 1981.
1983 John Putnam Demos. Entertaining Satan: Witchcraft and the Culture of Early New England. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1982.
Nick Salvatore. Eugene V. Debs: Citizen and Socialist. Champaign, IL : University of Illinois Press, 1982.
1984 Louis R. Harlan Booker T. Washington: The Wizard of Tuskegee, 1901–1915. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1982.
Paul Starr. The Social Transformation of American Medicine: The Rise of a Sovereign Profession and the Making of a Vast Industry. New York : Basic Books, 1983.
1985 Suzanne Lebsock. The Free Women of Petersburg: Status and Culture in a Southern Town, 1784–1860. New York : Norton, 1984.
Kenneth Silverman. The Life and Times of Cotton Mather. New York : Harper & Row, 1984.
1986 Kenneth T. Jackson Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1985.
Jacqueline Jones. Labor of Love, Labor of Sorrow: Black Women, Work, and the Family from Slavery to the Present. New York : Basic Books, 1985.
1987 Thomas Doerflinger. A Vigorous Spirit of Enterprise: Merchants and Economic Development in Revolutionary Philadelphia. Chapel Hill, NC : University of North Carolina Press for the Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1986.
Roger Lane. Roots of Violence in Black Philadelphia, 1860–1900. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1986.
1988 Michael S. Sherry The Rise of American Air Power: The Creation of Armageddon. New Haven, CT : Yale University Press, 1987.
Peter Kolchin. Unfree Labor: American Slavery and Russian Serfdom. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1987.
1989 Eric Foner. Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution, 1863–1877. New York : Harper & Row, 1988.
Edmund S. Morgan. Inventing the People: The Rise of Popular Sovereignty in England and America. New York : W. W. Norton, 1988.
1990 James Merrell. The Indians' New World: Catawbas and Their Neighbors from European Contact through the Era of Removal. Chapel Hill, NC : University of North Carolina Press for the Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1989.
Neil R. McMillen. Dark Journey: Black Mississippians in the Age of Jim Crow. Champaign, IL : University of Illinois Press, 1989.
1991 Lizabeth Cohen. Making a New Deal: Industrial Workers in Chicago, 1919–1939. Cambridge, Eng. : Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Laurel Thatcher Ulrich. A Midwife's Tale: The Life of Martha Ballard, Based on Her Diary, 1785–1812. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1990.
1992 William Cronon. Nature's Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West. New York : W. W. Norton, 1991.
Charles Royster. The Destructive War: William Tecumseh Sherman, Stonewall Jackson, and the Americans. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1991.
1993 Charles Capper. The Private Years. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1992. Vol. 1 of Margaret Fuller: An American Romantic Life.
Melvyn P. Leffler. A Preponderance of Power: National Security, the Truman Administration, and the Cold War. Palo Alto, CA : Stanford University Press, 1992.
1994 Stanley Elkins, Eric McKitrick. The Age of Federalism: The Early American Republic, 1788–1800. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1993.
Winthrop Jordan. Tumult and Silence at Second Creek: An Inquiry into a Civil War Slave Conspiracy. Baton Rouge, LA : Louisiana State University Press, 1993.
David Levering Lewis. W. E. B. DuBois: The Biography of a Race, 1868–1919. New York : Henry Holt, 1993.
1995 John L. Brooke. The Refiner's Fire: The Making of Mormon Cosmology, 1644–1844. Cambridge, Eng. : Cambridge University Press, 1994.
John Dittmer. Local People: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Mississippi. Champaign, IL : University of Illinois Press, 1994.
1996 Alan Taylor. William Cooper's Town: Power and Persuasion on the Frontier of the Early American Republic. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1995.
David S. Reynolds. Walt Whitman's America: A Cultural Biography. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1995.
1997 David E. Kyvig. Explicit and Authentic Acts: Amending the U.S. Constitution, 1776–1795. Lawrence, KS : University of Kansas Press, 1996.
James T. Patterson. Grand Expectations: The United States, 1945–1974. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 1996.
1998 Christine Leigh Heyrman. Southern Cross: The Beginnings of the Bible Belt. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1997.
Walter LaFeber. The Clash: A History of U.S.-Japan Relations. New York : W. W. Norton, 1997.
Thomas Sugrue. The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit. Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, 1997.
1999 Ira Berlin. Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1998.
Philip D. Morgan. A Slave Counterpoint: Black Culture in Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake and Low Country. Chapel Hill, NC : University of North Carolina Press for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, 1998.
Jill Lepore. The Name of War: King Philip's War and the Origins of American Identity. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 1998.
2000 James Merrell. Into the American Woods: Negotiators on the American Frontier. New York : W. W. Norton, 1999.
John W. Dower. Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II. New York : W. W. Norton and The New Press, 1999.
Linda Gordon. The Great Arizona Orphan Abduction. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1999.
2001 Michael A. Bellesiles. Arming America: The Origins of a National Gun Culture. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 2000.
(2002 zurückgezogen wegen wissenschaftlichem Fehlverhalten)
Susan Lee Johnson. Roaring Camp: The Social World of the California Gold Rush. New York : W. W. Norton, 2000.
David Nasaw. The Chief: The Life of William Randolph Hearst. New York : Houghton Mifflin, 2000.
2002 David W. Blight. Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory. Cambridge, MA : Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2001.
Alice Kessler-Harris. In Pursuit of Equity: Women, Men, and the Quest for Economic Citizenship in 20th-Century America. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 2001.
2003 James F. Brooks. Captives and Cousins: Slavery, Kinship, and Community in the Southwest Borderlands. Chapel Hill, NC : University of North Carolina Press for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, 2002.
Alan Gallay. The Indian Slave Trade: The Rise of the English Empire in the American South, 1670–1717. New Haven, CT : Yale University Press, 2002.
2004 Edward L. Ayers. In the Presence of Mine Enemies: War in the Heart of America, 1859–1863. New York : W. W. Norton, 2003.
Steven Hahn. A Nation Under Our Feet: Black Political Struggles in the Rural South from Slavery to the Great Migration. Cambridge, MA : Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2003.
George M. Marsden. Jonathan Edwards: A Life. New Haven, CT : Yale University Press, 2003.
2005 Melvin Patrick Ely. Israel on the Appomattox: A Southern Experiment in Black Freedom from the 1790s Through the Civil War. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 2004.
Michael Klarman. From Jim Crow to Civil Rights: The Supreme Court and the Struggle for Racial Equality. Oxford, Eng. : Oxford University Press, 2004.
Michael O’Brien. Conjectures of Order: Intellectual Life and the American South, 1810–1860. Chapel Hill, NC : University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
2006 Erskine Clarke. Dwelling Place: A Plantation Epic. New Haven : Yale University Press, 2005.
Odd Arne Westad. The Global Cold War: Third World Interventions and the Making of Our Times. Cambridge and New York : Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Sean Wilentz. The Rise of American Democracy: Jefferson to Lincoln. New York : W. W. Norton, 2005.
2007 Jack T. Kirby. Mockingbird Song: Ecological Landscapes of the South. Chapel Hill, NC : University of North Carolina Press, 2006.
Robert D. Richardson. William James: In the Maelstrom of American Modernism. Boston, MA : Houghton Mifflin, 2006.
2008 Allan M. Brandt. The Cigarette Century: The Rise, Fall, and Deadly Persistence of the Product that Defined America. New York : Basic Books, 2007.
Charles Postel. The Populist Vision. New York : Oxford University Press, 2007.
Peter Silver. Our Savage Neighbors: How Indian War Transformed Early America. New York : W. W. Norton, 2007.
2009 Thomas G. Andrews. Killing for Coal: America's Deadliest Labor War. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 2008.
Drew Gilpin Faust. This Republic of Suffering: Death and the American Civil War. New York : Alfred A. Knopf, 2008.
Pekka Hämäläinen. The Comanche Empire. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2008.
2010 Linda Gordon. Dorothea Lange: A Life Beyond Limits. New York : W.W. Norton & Company, 2009.
Woody Holton. Abigail Adams. New York : Free Press, 2009.
Margaret D. Jacobs. White Mother to a Dark Race: Settler Colonialism, Maternalism, and the Removal of Indigenous Children in the American West and Australia, 1880-1940. Lincoln, NE : University of Nebraska Press, 2009.
2011 Sara Dubow. Ourselves Unborn: A History of the Fetus in Modern America. New York : Oxford University Press, 2010.
Eric Foner. The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. New York : W. W. Norton & Company, 2010.
Christopher Tomlins. Freedom Bound: Law, Labor, and Civic Identity in Colonizing English America, 1580-1865. Cambridge, Eng., and New York : Cambridge University Press, 2010.
2012 Anne F. Hyde. Empires, Nations and Families: A History of the North American West, 1800-1860.. University of Nebraska, 2011.
Daniel T. Rodgers. Age of Fracture.. Belknap Press of Harvard University, 2011.
Tomiko Brown-Nagin. Courage to Dissent: Atlanta and the Long History of the Civil Rights Movement.. Oxford University Press, 2011.
2013 W. Jeffrey Bolster. The Mortal Sea: Fishing the Atlantic in the Age of Sail. Belknap Press of Harvard University, 2012.
John Fabian Witt. Lincoln’s Code: The Laws of War in American History. Free Press, 2012.
2014[1] Ira Katznelson. Fear Itself: The New Deal and the Origins of Our Time. Liveright Publishing Corporation / W.W. Norton & Company, 2013.
Ari Kelman. A Misplaced Massacre: Struggling over the Memory of Sand Creek. Harvard University Press, 2013.

Weblinks[Bearbeiten]

  1. Winners of the 2014 Bancroft Prize Announced. Pressemitteilung der Columbia University vom 13. März 2014