Palm-Waldsänger

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Palm-Waldsänger
Palm-Waldsänger (Dendroica palmarum)

Palm-Waldsänger (Dendroica palmarum)

Systematik
Ordnung: Sperlingsvögel (Passeriformes)
Unterordnung: Singvögel (Passeri)
Familie: Waldsänger (Parulidae)
Gattung: Dendroica
Art: Palm-Waldsänger
Wissenschaftlicher Name
Dendroica palmarum
(Gmelin, 1789)

Der Palm-Waldsänger (Dendroica palmarum) ist ein kleiner Vogel in der Familie der Waldsänger (Parulidae).

Diese Vögel haben dunkle Beine und schmale spitze Schnäbel und erwachsene Vögel haben oft einen rostbraunen Oberkopf. Die Palmwaldsänger im Osten der USA zeichnen sich durch braun-oliven Rücken, gelben Bauch und rostbraune Streifen auf der Brust und Flanken aus. Vögel im Westen Nordamerikas haben einen hellen Bauch, dunklere Streifen auf der Brust und einen braun-grauen Rücken.

Die Brutgebiete des Palm-Waldsängers sind Regenmoore in Kanada und dem Nordosten der USA. Ihre napfförmigen Nester bauen die Vögel auf oder in der Nähe des Bodens.

Diese Zugvögel überwintern im Südosten der USA, Mexiko und auf den Karibischen Inseln.

Palm-Waldsänger suchen ihre Nahrung auf Nadelbäumen und dem Boden und fangen gelegentlich Insekten im Flug. Sie ernähren sich hauptsächlich von Insekten und Beeren.

Der Gesang gleicht einem monotonen Triller. Der Ruf ist ein scharfes Tscheck.

Man kann diese Vögeln an ihrem häufig wippenden Schwanz erkennen.

Literatur[Bearbeiten]

Bücher[Bearbeiten]

  • Hanowski JM & Niemi GJ. (1990). Effects of Unknown Sex in Analyses of Foraging Behavior. In Morrison, M L, Et Al (Ed) Studies in Avian Biology, No 13 Avian Foraging: Theory, Methodology, and Applications; International Symposium, Asilomar, California, USA, December 18-19, 1988 X+515p Cooper Ornithological Society: Los Angeles, California, USA Illus Paper 280-283, 1990.
  • Wilson, W. H., Jr. 1996. Palm Warbler (Dendroica palmarum). In The Birds of North America, No. 238 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, and The American Ornithologists’ Union, Washington, D.C.

Artikel[Bearbeiten]

  • Barrowclough GF & Corbin KW. (1978). Genetic Variation and Differentiation in the Parulidae. Auk. vol 95, no 4. p. 691-702.
  • Barton DC, Lindquist KE, Henry RW, III & Luna Mendoza LM. (2004). Landbird and waterbird notes from Isla Guadalupe, Mexico. Western Birds. vol 35, no 4. p. 186-196.
  • Benson A-M, Pogson TH & Doyle TJ. (2000). Updated geographic distribution of eight passerine species in central Alaska. Western Birds. vol 31, no 2. p. 100-105.
  • Berovides Alvarez V & Acosta Cruz M. (1982). Ornithocenosis in a Coastal Jungle of the Eastern Region of Cuba Southeast of Guantanamo. Ciencias Biologicas Academia de Ciencias de Cuba. vol 8, p. 134-136.
  • Bonifait S, Villard M-A & Paulin D. (2006). An index of reproductive activity provides an accurate estimate of the reproductive success of Palm Warblers. Journal of Field Ornithology. vol 77, no 3. p. 302-309.
  • Calme S & Desrochers A. (2000). Biogeographic aspects of the distribution of bird species breeding in Quebec's peatlands. Journal of Biogeography. vol 27, no 3. p. 725-732.
  • Calme S, Desrochers A & Savard J-PL. (2002). Regional significance of peatlands for avifaunal diversity in southern Quebec. Biological Conservation. vol 107, no 3. p. 273-281.
  • Collins SL. (1981). A Comparison of Nest Site and Perch Site Vegetation Structure of 7 Species of Warblers. Wilson Bulletin. vol 93, no 4. p. 542-547.
  • Currie D, Wunderle JM, Jr., Ewert DN, Davis A & McKenzie Z. (2005). Winter avian distribution and relative abundance in six terrestrial habitats on southern Eleuthera, The Bahamas. Caribbean Journal of Science. vol 41, no 1. p. 88-100.
  • Davies C & Sharrock JTR. (2000). The European Bird Report: Passerines. British Birds. vol 93, no 9. p. 415-427.
  • Delage V, Fortin MJ & Desrochers A. (2000). Effects of peripheral and isolated locations of songbird habitats in mined bogs. Ecoscience. vol 7, no 2. p. 149-156.
  • Delage V, Fortin M-J & Desrochers A. (2000). Effects of edge and isolation on habitats of songbirds in mined bogs. Ecoscience. vol 7, no 2. p. 149-156.
  • Desrochers A, Rochefort L & Savard J-PL. (1998). Avian recolonization of eastern Canadian bogs after peat mining. Canadian Journal of Zoology. vol 76, no 6. p. 989-997.
  • Emlen JT. (1973). Territorial Aggression in Wintering Warblers at Bahama Agave Blossoms. Wilson Bulletin. vol 85, no 1. p. 71-74.
  • Fall BA. (1973). Noteworthy Bird Records from South Texas Kenedy County. Southwestern Naturalist. vol 18, no 2. p. 244-246.
  • Harper JD. (1983). Late Season Soybean Looper Lepidoptera Noctuidae Population Reduction by Western Palm Warblers. Florida Entomologist. vol 66, no 2. p. 280-281.
  • Harris A. (1990). Palm Warblers Use Upland Cutovers as Nesting Habitat in Northwestern Ontario Canada. Ontario Birds. vol 8, no 3. p. 84-87.
  • Hoefs M. (1973). Birds of the Kluane Game Sanctuary Yukon Territory Canada and Adjacent Areas. Canadian Field Naturalist. vol 87, no 4. p. 345-355.
  • Hubbard JP. (1969). The Relationships and Evolution of the Dendroica-Coronata Complex. Auk. vol 86, no 3. p. 393-432.
  • Hubbard JP. (1972). Palm Warbler in Guerrero and Comments on Audubons Warbler in Costa-Rica. Auk. vol 89, no 4. p. 885-886.
  • Johnston DW. (1975). Organo Chlorine Pesticide Residues in Small Migratory Birds 1964-1973. Pesticides Monitoring Journal. vol 9, no 2. p. 79-88.
  • Johnston DW. (1976). Races of Palm Warblers Killed at a Florida Television Tower. Florida Field Naturalist. vol 4, no 2. p. 22-24.
  • Kirk DA & Hobson KA. (2001). Bird-habitat relationships in jack pine boreal forests. Forest Ecology & Management. vol 147, no 2-3. p. 217-243.
  • Lachance D, Lavoie C & Desrochers A. (2005). The impact of peatland afforestation on plant and bird diversity in southeastern Quebec. Ecoscience. vol 12, no 2. p. 161-171.
  • Latta SC. (2003). Effects of scaley-leg mite infestations on body condition and site fidelity of migratory Warblers in the Dominican Republic. Auk. vol 120, no 3. p. 730-743.
  • Latta SC & O'Connor BM. (2001). Patterns of Knemidokoptes jamaicensis (Acari: Knemidokoptidae) infestations among eight new avian hosts in the Dominican Republic. Journal of Medical Entomology. vol 38, no 3. p. 437-440.
  • MacKinnon DS & Freedman B. (1993). Effects of silvicultural use of the herbicide glyphosate on breeding birds of regenerating clearcuts in Nova Scotia, Canada. Journal of Applied Ecology. vol 30, no 3. p. 395-406.
  • Patti ST, Rubenstein DI & Rubenstein N. (1974). Distributional Notes on the Birds of Cayman Brac. Florida Scientist. vol 38, no 3. p. 155-156.
  • Pittaway R. (1995). Recognizable forms: Subspecies of the palm warbler. Ontario Birds. vol 13, no 1. p. 23-27.
  • Poulin M, Belisle M & Cabeza M. (2006). Within-site habitat configuration in reserve design: A case study with a peatland bird. Biological Conservation. vol 128, no 1. p. 55-66.
  • Quay WB. (1985). Sperm Release in Migrating Wood-Warblers Parulinae Nesting at Higher Latitudes. Wilson Bulletin. vol 97, no 3. p. 283-295.
  • Rodriguez D & Garcia ME. (1987). Ornithocenosis of the Littoral Vegetation on the Northern Coast of Havana Cuba. Poeyana Instituto de Zoologia Academia de Ciencias de Cuba. vol 347, p. 1-7.
  • Rodriguez G & Lentino M. (1997). Range expansion and summering of palm warbler Dendroica palmarum in Venezuela. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club. vol 117, no 1. p. 76-77.
  • Stewart PA. (1968). Bird Migration through an Abandoned Farmstead Richmondena-Cardinalis Behavior Dendroica-Palmarum Guiraca-Caerulea Spizella-Passerina. Chat. vol 32, no 4.
  • Stewart PA & Connor HA. (1980). Fixation of Wintering Palm Warblers Dendroica-Palmarum to a Specific Site. Journal of Field Ornithology. vol 51, no 4. p. 365-367.
  • Stiles FG. (1988). Notes on the Distribution and Status of Certain Birds in Costa Rica. Condor. vol 90, no 4. p. 931-933.
  • Strandberg JO. (1981). Predation of Cabbage Looper Trichoplusia-Ni Pupae by the Striped Earwig Labidura-Riparia and 2 Bird Species. Environmental Entomology. vol 10, no 5. p. 712-715.
  • Taylor JW. (1969). Sharp-Tailed Sandpiper and Palm Warbler in Alaska. Wilson Bulletin. vol 81, no 3. p. 337-338.
  • Tomlinson DW. (2004). Wintering warblers in Cuba. Ontario Birds. vol 22, no 1. p. 15-19.
  • Vera CJ & Servello FA. (1994). Effects of paper mill sludge in spruce-fir forests on wildlife in Maine. Journal of Wildlife Management. vol 58, no 4. p. 719-727.
  • Welsh DA. (1971). Breeding and Territoriality of the Palm Warbler in a Nova-Scotia Bog. Canadian Field Naturalist. vol 85, no 1. p. 31-37.
  • Wilson WH, Jr., Zierzow RE & Savage AR. (1998). Habitat selection by peatland birds in a Central Maine bog: The effects of scale and year. Journal of Field Ornithology. vol 69, no 4. p. 540-548.
  • Woods CA. (1975). Banding and Re Capture of Wintering Warblers in Haiti. Bird Banding. vol 46, no 4. p. 344-346.
  • Wunderle JMJ. (1978). Territorial Defense of a Nectar Source by a Palm Warbler. Wilson Bulletin. vol 90, no 2. p. 297-299.

Weblinks[Bearbeiten]

 Commons: Palm-Waldsänger (Dendroica palmarum) – Sammlung von Bildern, Videos und Audiodateien
  • Dendroica palmarum in der Roten Liste gefährdeter Arten der IUCN 2013.2. Eingestellt von: BirdLife International, 2012. Abgerufen am 2. Februar 2014