Benutzer:TotalCommander/Hastings Center

aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie
Wechseln zu: Navigation, Suche
Dieser Artikel (Hastings Center) ist im Entstehen begriffen und noch nicht Bestandteil der freien Enzyklopädie Wikipedia.
An den Leser:
  • Der Text kann teilweise in einer Fremdsprache verfasst, unvollständig sein oder noch ungeprüfte Aussagen enthalten.
  • Wenn du Fragen zum Thema hast, nimm am besten Kontakt mit dem Autor auf.
An den Autor:
  • Bitte denke daran, die Angaben im Artikel durch geeignete Quellen zu belegen und zu prüfen, ob er auch anderweitig den Richtlinien der Wikipedia entspricht (siehe Wikipedia:Artikel).
  • Nach erfolgter Übersetzung kannst du diese Vorlage entfernen und den Artikel in den Artikelnamensraum verschieben. Die entstehende Weiterleitung kannst du schnelllöschen lassen.
  • Importe inaktiver Accounts, die länger als drei Monate völlig unbearbeitet sind, werden gelöscht.

Vorlage:Importartikel/Wartung-2015-11 Vorlage:Infobox Organization

The Hastings Center is an independent, non-partisan bioethics research institute based in Garrison, New York.[1] Founded in 1969 and the first organization of its kind, Hastings was instrumental in establishing bioethics as a field of study.[2][3][4]

Hastings' mission is to address fundamental ethical issues in health, health care, life sciences research and the environment affecting individuals, communities, and societies. After careful consideration and analysis through a unique process that invites diverse views, Hastings scholars publish regular reports, articles and blogs, as well as specific guidelines, policy recommendations and books. They testify at Congressional and Presidential hearings and at national and global conferences.[5]

The center is funded by grant money, private donations, and subscriptions.[6][7]

Founding and location[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

Hastings was co-founded by Daniel Callahan[8] and Willard Gaylin and was officially recognized as a non-profit organization on August 28, 1969. Offices were originally located in Hastings-on-Hudson, then moved to the Briarcliff College site in Briarcliff Manor; and are now located in Garrison, New York, on the former Woodlawn estate designed by Richard Upjohn.[9]

Publications[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

Hastings is perhaps best known as the publisher of one of the world's leading journals in bioethics, Hastings Center Report, [10][11] and IRB: Ethics & Human Research,[12] which feature scholarship and commentary in bioethics for readers worldwide. Both are published six times per year. The Report also periodically features special reports, published as supplements, from the center's research projects.

Hastings publishes the Bioethics Forum,[13] a blog "offering thoughtful commentary, representing a range of perspectives, on contemporary debates in bioethics and bioethical issues in the news."[14]

Research[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

Hastings' projects, carried out by interdisciplinary research teams, focus on five key program areas: Health and health care; Children and families; Aging, chronic conditions, and care near the end of life; Emerging science and conceptions of the self; and Human impact on the natural world, as well as "through-lines" like human research subjects and education.[15]

Issues can range from "stem cell politics," to globalization and its impact on health status, to "wiser" health care. Primary research areas include genetics and biotechnology, health care and health policy, ethics, science, the environment, and international science ethics. The center strives to frame and explore issues that inform professional practice, public conversation, and social policy.

Hastings conducts seminar-style meetings to review developments in science and policy, frame legal and social issues, and in-depth critical reflection on fundamental principles and values. Center research scholars write and speak on a variety of topics and assist members of the press and others.

The Morison Library serves as a resource for center research scholars, fellows, visitors, and others.[16]

Woodlawn, the Hastings Center's home in Garrison, NY

Reception and influence[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

The Hastings Center's 1987 "Guidelines on the Termination of Life-Sustaining Treatment and the Care of the Dying" remain the standard in the field of bioethics. Several court decisions, including the 1990 Supreme Court ruling in Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health, have cited the guidelines which were published in an updated version in 2013.[17]

Hastings Center staff are frequently called upon for policy advice by committees and agencies at both the Federal and state levels.[18]

Awards[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

Henry Knowles Beecher Awards[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

Since 1976, the center's Henry Knowles Beecher Award has recognized "individuals who have made a lifetime contribution to ethics and the life sciences and whose careers have been devoted to excellence in scholarship, research, and ethical inquiry." Recipients include Joanne Lynn, Edmund D. Pellegrino, Henry K. Beecher, Sissela Bok, Jay Katz, Daniel Callahan, Willard Gaylin, Paul Ramsey, Joseph Fletcher, Raanan Gillon and Hans Jonas.[19]

Hastings Center Cunniff-Dixon Physician Awards[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

In 2009, the center and the Cunniff-Dixon foundation launched the Hastings Center Cunniff-Dixon Physician Awards. Four prizes totaling $95,000 will be awarded to physicians who "have shown their care of patients to be exemplary, a model of good medicine for other physicians, and a great benefit in advancing the centrality of end-of-life care as a basic part of the doctor-patient relationship."[20] The 2010 recipients were Robert A. Milch for the established physician award, and Elisabeth Potts Dellon, Jeffrey N. Stoneberg, and Eytan Szmuilowicz for the early-career physician awards.[21]

See also[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

References[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

Vorlage:Reflist

==External links==
* [http://www.thehastingscenter.org/ TheHastingsCenter.org] – 'The Hastings Center: Bioethics and Public Policy', Hastings Center homepage
* [http://www.bioethicsforum.org/ BioethicsForum.org] – Bioethics Forum: Diverse Commentary on Issues in Bioethics

[[Category:Ethics organizations]]
[[Category:Non-profit organizations based in New York]]
[[Category:Bioethics research organizations]]
[[Category:Publishing companies of the United States]]
[[Category:Think tanks based in the United States]]
[[Category:Think tanks established in 1969]]
[[Category:Putnam County, New York]]
[[Category:1969 establishments in New York]]

  1. Charity Navigator Report. Charity Navigator.
  2. Pew Forum. Pew Research Center.
  3. Public Health and Bioethics: The Benefits of Collaboration. US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health.
  4. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  5. The Hastings Center Website. The Hastings Center.
  6. Guidestar
  7. Internet FAQ Archives
  8. Gustavus Adolphus College
  9. http://philipstown.info/2013/07/02/the-hastings-center-releases-second-edition-of-guidelines/
  10. Medicalxpress Analysis 2014
  11. Report. The Hastings Center. Abgerufen am 7. September 2012.
  12. IRB: Ethics & Human Research. Thehastingscenter.org. Abgerufen am 24. September 2012.
  13. The Blog of the Hastings Center Report. Bioethics Forum. Abgerufen am 24. September 2012.
  14. What is Bioethics Forum?. Thehastingscenter.org. Abgerufen am 24. September 2012.
  15. / The Hastings Center
  16. New York State Literary Tree
  17. Thomson Reuters FindLaw.
  18. Tessa Melvin: Two Decades as 'Honest Brokers' for Medicine's Moral Issues. In: The New York Times, 17. Dezember 1989. Abgerufen am 4. Dezember 2012. 
  19. Henry Knowles Beecher Award. The Hastings Center. Abgerufen am 24. September 2012.
  20. 2012 Hastings Center Cunniff-Dixon Physician Awards. The Hastings Center. Abgerufen am 24. September 2012.
  21. Physicians Honored for Exemplary End-of-Life Care by Hastings Center Cunniff-Dixon Awards. The Hastings Center. Abgerufen am 24. September 2012.