Liste der Städte in Nepal

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Die Liste der Städte in Nepal beschränkt sich auf die Auflistung der selbständigen Gemeinden (Nepali: nagarpalika; englisch: municipality) und bietet einen Überblick über die Entwicklung der Einwohnerzahl.

Bei der kommunalen Selbstverwaltung gibt es in Nepal je nach Größe und Leistungskraft der Kommune drei unterschiedlich ausgeprägte Stufen:[1]

Die meisten Städte Nepals haben Stadtrecht 3. Ordnung (Nepali: नगरपालिका, nagarpālikā);
Pokhara, Lalitpur, Biratnagar, Bharatpur, Birganj, Butwal, Janakpur, Dharan und Dhangadhi haben Stadtrecht 2. Ordnung (Nepali: उपमहानगरपालिका, upmahānagarpālikā);
einzig Kathmandu hat Stadtrecht 1. Ordnung (Nepali: महानगरपालिका, mahānagarpālikā).

Im Mai 2014 wurde die Anzahl der municipalities von 58 auf 130 erhöht; Ende 2014 kamen weitere 61 hinzu und im September 2015 nochmals 26.[2][3]

Die Tabelle enthält die Ergebnisse der Volkszählungen (VZ) vom 22. Juni 1991, 28. Mai 2001 und vom 22. Juni 2011.[4]
Angeführt ist auch der Distrikt, in dem die Stadt liegt.

Karte[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

Lage der Städte Nepals mit über 30.000 Einwohnern bis 2011 (Fettdruck: über 100.000 Einwohner)

Liste[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

Rang Name VZ 1991 VZ 2001 VZ 2011 VZ 2011 einschl. Eingemeindungen[5] Distrikt
1. Kathmandu 421.258 671.846 975.453 1.003.285 Kathmandu
2. Pokhara 95.288 156.312 255.465 323.367 Kaski
3. Lalitpur 115.865 162.991 220.802 260.234 Lalitpur
4. Birganj 69.005 112.484 135.904 207.980 Parsa
5. Biratnagar 129.388 166.674 201.125 204.949 Morang
6. Bharatpur 54.670 89.323 143.836 203.808 Chitwan
7. Janakpur 54.710 74.192 97.776 169.278 Dhanusha
8. Hetauda 53.836 68.482 84.671 153.857 Makwanpur
9. Nepalganj 47.819 57.535 72.503 147.700 Banke
10. Itahari 26.824 41.210 74.501 142.885 Sunsari
11. Dharan 66.457 95.332 116.181 141.439 Sunsari
12. Butwal 44.272 75.384 118.462 141.262 Rupandehi
13. Dhangadhi 44.753 67.447 101.970 139.743 Kailali
14. Budhanilkantha --- --- 107.918 Kathmandu
15. Gokarneshwar --- --- 107.351 Kathmandu
16. Bhim Datta 62.050 80.839 104.599 106 666 Kanchanpur
17. Tilottama --- --- 100.149 Rupandehi
18. Tokha --- --- 99.032 Kathmandu
19. Birendranagar 22.973 31.381 47.914 97.941 Surkhet
20. Kalaiya 18.498 32.260 42.826 86.629 Bara
21. Tulsipur 22.654 33.876 51.537 86.288 Dang Deukhuri
22. Chandragiri --- --- 85.198 Kathmandu
23. Madhyapur Thimi 31.970 47.751 83.036 84.142 Bhaktapur
24. Bhaktapur 61.405 72.543 81.748 83.658 Bhaktapur
25. Gadhimai --- --- 83.367 Bara
26. Tarakeshwar --- --- 81.443 Kathmandu
27. Lahan 19.018 27.654 33.653 79.963 Siraha
28. Damak 41.321 35.009 75.102 75.743 Jhapa
29. Banganga --- --- 75.242 Kapilbastu
30. Attariya --- --- 72.521 Kailali
31. Lumbini Sanskritik --- --- 72.497 Rupandehi
32. Chandrapur --- --- 72.059 Rautahat
33. Triyuga 37.512 55.291 70.000 71.405 Udayapur
34. Ratnanagar 25.118 37.791 46.367 70.091 Chitwan
35. Lekhnath 30.107 41.369 58.816 69.304 Kaski
36. Nagarjun --- --- 67.420 Kathmandu
37. Kirtipur 31.338 40.835 65.602 67.171 Kathmandu
38. Ghorahi 29.050 43.126 62.928 65.107 Dang Deukhuri
39. Siddharthanagar 39.473 52.569 63.483 64.566 Rupandehi
40. Kohalpur --- --- 62.177 Banke
41. Mahalakshmi --- --- 62.172 Lalitpur
42. Lamki Chuha --- --- 61.352 Kailali
43. Ghodaghodi --- --- 60.531 Kailali
44. Kageshwari-Manohara --- --- 60.237 Kathmandu
45. Birtamod --- --- 60.174 Jhapa
46. Siraha 21.866 23.988 28.442 59.426 Siraha
47. Mechinagar 37.108 49.060 57.545 57.909 Jhapa
48. Gulariya 30.621 46.011 55.747 57.232 Bardiya
49. Tikapur 25.639 38.722 56.127 56.983 Kailali
50. Kawasoti --- --- 50.788 Nawalparasi
51. Khairahani --- --- 56.094 Chitwan
52. Bansgadhi --- --- 55.875 Bardiya
53. Gaidakot --- --- 55.205 Nawalparasi
54. Belauri --- --- 53.544 Kanchanpur
55. Rajapur --- --- 29.659 52.438 Bardiya
56. Bhadrapur 15.210 18.145 18.164 50.731 Jhapa
57. Barahathwa --- --- 50.424 Sarlahi
58. Shivaraj --- --- 49.988 Kapilbastu
59. Pathari-Shanishchare --- --- 49.808 Morang
60. Bedkot --- --- 49.749 Kanchanpur
61. Golbazar --- --- 47.763 49.042 Siraha
62. Kanchan Rup --- --- 42.377 48.691 Saptari
63. Koshi Haraicha --- --- 47.723 Morang
64. Vyas 20.124 28.245 42.899 47.593 Tanahu
65. Dhangadhimai --- --- 47.449 Siraha
66. Gauradaha --- --- 47.393 Jhapa
67. Rapti --- --- 46.510 Chitwan
68. Mirchaiya --- --- 45.716 Siraha
69. Sainamaina --- --- 45.178 Rupandehi
70. Shani-Arjun --- --- 45.174 Jhapa
71. Dhanushadham --- --- 45.008 Dhanusha
72. Jaleshwar 18.088 22.046 23.533 44.052 Mahottari
73. Punarwas --- --- 43.996 Kanchanpur
74. Kapilavastu 17.126 27.170 30.428 43.933 Kapilbastu
75. Chireshwarnath --- 34.350 43.745 Dhanusha
76. Devdaha --- --- 42.953 Rupandehi
77. Hariwan --- 37.738 42.783 Sarlahi
78. Jhalari-Pipaladi --- --- 42.026 Kanchanpur
79. Tripur --- --- 41.183 Dang Deukhuri
80. Kamalamai 24.368 32.838 39.413 41.117 Sindhuli
81. Gorkha 20.633 25.783 32.473 40.654 Gorkha
82. Ishwarpur --- --- 40.511 Sarlahi
83. Suryabinayak --- --- 40.501 Bhaktapur
84. Sandhikharka --- --- 22.098 Arghakhanchi
85. Kankai --- --- 40.141 Jhapa
86. Narayani --- --- 39.907 Chitwan
87. Sunwal --- 34.937 39.843 Nawalparasi
88. Shivasatakshi --- --- 39.689 Jhapa
89. Garuda --- --- 39.637 Rautahat
90. Nilkantha --- 33.653 39.578 Dhading
91. Dodhara-Chandani --- --- 39.253 Kanchanpur
92. Bajrabarahi --- --- 39.203 Lalitpur
93. Mahagadhimai --- --- 38.751 Bara
94. Kalika --- --- 38.666 Chitwan
95. Dhankuta 17.073 20.668 26.440 38.543 Dhankuta
96. Pyuthan --- 13.211 38.536 Pyuthan
97. Shuklagandaki --- 26.313 38.307 Tanahu
98. Rajbiraj 24.227 30.353 37.738 38.241 Saptari
99. Bhajani-Trishakti --- --- 38.149 Kailali
100. Karyabinayak --- 30.614 38.036 Lalitpur
101. Anantalingeshwar --- --- 37.989 Bhaktapur
102. Madi --- --- 37.683 Chitwan
103. Bardibas --- --- 37.048 Mahottari
104. Sukhipur --- --- 36.883 Siraha
105. Krishnapur --- --- 36.706 Kanchanpur
106 Rampur --- --- 35.936 Palpa
107. Gaur 20.434 25.383 34.937 35.370 Rautahat
108. Nijgadh --- --- 35.335 Bara
109. Urlabari --- 18.224 35.166 Morang
110. Parashuram --- --- 34.913 Dadeldhura
111. Chitrawan --- --- 34.913 Chitwan
112. Ganeshman Charnath --- --- 34.770 Dhanusha
113. Bardaghat --- --- 34.417 Nawalparasi
114. Lamahi --- --- 34.285 Dang Deukhuri
115. Panchkhal --- 22.975 33.847 Kabhrepalanchok
116. Sharada --- --- 33.730 Salyan
117. Bherimalika --- --- 33.515 Jajarkot
118. Sundar Dulari --- --- 32.795 Morang
119. Changunarayan --- --- 32.522 Bhaktapur
120. Bheriganga --- --- 32.511 Surkhet
121. Kushma --- 23.250 32.419 Parbat
122. Gaushala --- --- 32.111 Mahottari
123. Belbari --- --- 31.647 Morang
124. Mithila --- --- 31.575 Dhanusha
125. Devchuli --- --- 31.484 Nawalparasi
126. Putalibazar 25.870 29.667 30.704 31.338 Syangja
127. Tansen 13.599 20.431 29.095 31.161 Palpa
128. Lalbandi --- --- 30.785 Sarlahi
129. Baglung 15.219 20.852 29.360 30,763 Baglung
130. Dullu --- --- 30.457 Dailekh
131. Malangwa 14.142 18.484 25.102 30.333 Sarlahi
132. Shambhunath --- --- 30.207 Saptari
133. Bagchaur --- 16.398 30.039 Salyan
134. Besisahar --- 24.745 29.604 Lamjung
135. Ramgram 18.911 22.630 25.990 28.973 Nawalparasi
136. Melamchi --- 15.606 28.955 Sindhupalchok
137. Inaruwa 18.547 23.200 28.454 28.923 Sunsari
138. Godawari --- --- 28.793 Lalitpur
139. Resunga --- 14.845 28.763 Gulmi
140. Manthali --- 14.932 28.657 Ramechhap
141. Ramdhuni-Bhasi --- --- 28.549 Sunsari
142. Rangeli --- --- 28.516 Morang
143. Beni --- 21.747 28.511 Myagdi
144. Panauti 20.467 25.563 27.604 28.312 Kabhrepalanchok
145. Madhyabindu --- --- 28.244 Nawalparasi
146. Katari --- --- 28.123 Udayapur
147. Bidur 18.694 21.193 26.750 27.953 Nuwakot
148. Babai --- --- 27.838 Bardia
149. Pokhariya --- --- 27.672 Parsa
150. Suryodaya --- --- 27.040 Ilam
151. Khandbari 18.756 21.789 26.301 26.658 Sankhuwasabha
152. Dipayal Silgadhi 12.360 22.061 23.416 26.508 Doti
153. Sanoshri-Taratal --- --- 26.431 Bardia
154. Bhrikuti --- --- 26.282 Kapilbastu
155. Duhabi-Bhaluwa --- --- 25.545 Sunsari
156. Shankharapur --- 15.189 25.338 Kathmandu
157. Dudhauli --- --- 24.944 Sindhuli
158. Sabaila --- --- 24.896 Dhanusha
159. Banepa 12.537 15.822 24.764 24.894 Kabhrepalanchok
160. Phidim --- --- 24.768 Panchthar
161. Chainpur --- --- 24.735 Sankhuwasabha
162. Simraungadh --- --- 24.615 Bara
163. Shubhaghat Gangamala --- --- 24.339 Surkhet
164. Dakshinkali --- --- 24.297 Kathmandu
165. Waling 16.712 20.414 24.006 24.199 Syangja
166. Beltar-Basaha --- --- 23.918 Udayapur
167. Letang-Bhogateni --- --- --- Morang
168. Kolhabi --- --- 23.765 Bara
169. Palungtar --- --- 23.461 Gorkha
170. Bhimeshwar 19.260 21.916 22.537 23.337 Dolakha
171. Mangalsen --- 16.677 23.150 Achham
172. Mahamanjushri-Nagarkot --- --- 22.908 Bhaktapur
173. Amargadhi 16.494 18.390 21.245 22.241 Dadeldhura
174. Narayan 15.738 19.446 21.110 21.995 Dailekh
175. Beldandi --- --- 21.959 Kanchanpur
176. Thaha --- --- 21.717 Makwanpur
177. Kashikhanda --- --- 21.324 Kabhrepalanchok
178. Dhulikhel --- 11.521 14.283 21.190 Kabhrepalanchok
179. Saptakoshi --- --- 21.131 Saptari
180. Hanumannagar Yoginimai --- --- 20.915 Saptari
181. Api --- --- 20.797 Darchula
182. Sundarbazar --- --- 20.474 Lamjung
183. Krishnanagar --- --- 20.395 Kapilbastu
184. Jayaprithvi --- 12.940 20.280 Bajhang
185. Buddhabatika --- --- 20.158 Kapilbastu
186. Patan --- --- 19.911 Baitadi
187. Myanglung --- 16.046 19.659 Terhathum
188. Ilam 13.197 16.237 18.633 19.427 Ilam
189. Taplejung --- --- 19.085 Taplejung
190. Chandannath --- 12.116 19.047 Jumla
191. Rainas --- --- 18.527 Jumla
192. Musikot --- --- 18.431 Rukum
193. Bhanu --- --- 18.249 Tanahu
194. Sanphebagar --- --- 18.239 Achham
195. Badimalika --- --- 18.207 Bajura
196. Bhirkot --- --- 18.134 Syangja
197. Pakhribas --- --- 17.949 Dhankuta
198. Diktel --- 11.743 17.793 Khotang
199. Dasharathchand 18.054 18.345 17.427 Baitadi
200. Laligurans --- --- 16.934 Terhathum
201. Siddhicharan --- --- 16.696 Okhaldhunga
202. Anbu Khaireni --- --- 16.382 Tanahu
203. Bhojpur --- --- 16.102 Bhojpur
204. Kamalbazar --- --- 15.740 Achham
205. Chautara --- --- 15.606 Sindhupalchok
206. Bandipur --- --- 15.591 Tanahu
207. Chaurjahari --- --- 14.489 Rukum
208. Madi --- --- 14.470 Sankhuwasabha
209. Jiri --- --- 13.648 Dolakha
210. Liwang --- --- 13.477 Rolpa
211. Shadanand --- --- 13.272 Bhojpur
212. Chapakot --- --- 12.742 Syangja
213. Ramechhap --- --- 12.263 Ramechhap
214. Dudhkunda --- --- 11.247 Solukhumbu
215. Deumai --- --- 10.964 Ilam
216. Madhyanepal --- --- 10.852 Lamjung
217. Karaputar --- --- 10.836 Lamjung



Quelle: Government of Nepal, Ministry of Finance

Siehe auch[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

Weblinks[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

Einzelnachweise[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

  1. Central Bureau of Statistics, Census 2011, Final Results (Endgültige Ergebnisse) (ab S. 8). (Memento vom 31. Juli 2013 im Internet Archive) (PDF; 2,1 MB)
  2. Govt creates 61 new municipalities. Nepal Mountain News.
  3. 26 new Municipalities announced. infonepal.net.
  4. Central Bureau of Statistics of Nepal, Census 2011, Major Highlights (Nr 1.1). (PDF; 457 kB)
  5. Central Bureau of Statistics of Nepal, Census 2011 (Memento vom 31. Juli 2013 im Internet Archive) (PDF; 2,1 MB)