High Sheriff of Kent

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Das Amt des High Sheriff of Kent ist das älteste öffentliche Amt der englischen Monarchie und wurde erstmals 1067 mit Alain de Buckland (1045–1108) besetzt, der es bis 1070 bekleidete. War die Aufgabe des High Sheriff ursprünglich, in Kent für den König Recht zu sprechen, so wurden über die Jahrhunderte die meisten der Aufgaben auf andere Stellen übertragen, so dass es sich heute fast nur noch um ein zeremonielles Amt handelt. Das Amt des High Sheriff of Kent wird nach einer offiziellen Nominierung von Personen für die nächsten drei Jahre durch die Königin bestimmt und jedes Jahr im März oder April neu besetzt[1].

11./12. Jahrhundert[Bearbeiten]

  • 1067–1070: Alain de Buckland (1045–1108)
  • 1077–1100: Haimo[2]

13. Jahrhundert[Bearbeiten]

14. Jahrhundert[Bearbeiten]

  • c. 1350: Reginald de Dyke, aus der Dykes Familie[3]
  • 1366: Jeffrey Culpeper of Preston Hall, Aylesford[4]
  • 1370: John Culpeper of Bayhill, Pembury[4]
  • 1374: Jeffrey Culpeper of Preston Hall, Aylesford[4]
  • 1395: Sir Thomas Culpeper of Bayhill, Pembury[4]

15. Jahrhundert[Bearbeiten]

  • 1420: William Haut of Bourne Place, Hautsbourne, Bishopsbourne[5]
  • 1427: Sir William Culpeper of Oxenheath[4]
  • 1428: William Scott of Brabourne [6]
  • 1439: Sir Gervase Clifton of Bradbourne
  • 1444: William Cromer of Tunstall[7].
  • 1449: Henry Cromer of Tunstall[7]
  • 1450: Sir Gervase Clifton of Bradbourne
  • 1458: Sir Gervase Clifton of Bradbourne
  • 1460: Sir John Scott of Scot's Hall [6]
  • 1465: Sir William Haut of Bourne Place, Bishopsbourne[5]
  • 1474: Sir William Haut of Bourne Place, Bishopsbourne[5]
  • 1477: Richard Haut of Ightham Mote
  • 1481 und 1482: Richard Haut of Ightham Mote
  • 1483: Sir William Haut of Bourne Place, Bishopsbourne[5]
  • 1489: Sir William Boleyn of Hever Castle
  • 1490: Sir William Scott of Brabourne [6]
  • 1496: Sir James Walsingham of Scadbury Manor, bei Chislehurst[8]
  • 1498: Robert Wotton of Boughton Place, Boughton Malherbe[9].
  • 1499: Sir Alexander Colepepper of Bedgbury

16. Jahrhundert[Bearbeiten]

  • 1500: Thomas Iden of Westwell
  • 1501: Sir William Scott of Brabourne [6]
  • 1502: Ralph St Leger of Ulcombe
  • 1503: William Cromer of Tunstall
  • 1504: John Langley of Knolton
  • 1505: Sir Thomas Kempe KB of Ollantigh
  • 1506: Sir Alexander Colepepper of Bedgbury
  • 1507: Henry Vane of Tunbridge
  • 1508: Reginald Peckham of Yaldham
  • 1509: Sir William Cromer of Tunstall
  • 1510: James Digge of Digge's Court, Barham
  • 1511: Sir Thomas Boleyn of Hever Castle (späterer Earl of Wiltshire in 1529)
  • 1516: Sir William Scott of Brabourne [6]
  • 1517: Sir Thomas Boleyn of Hever Castle (späterer Earl of Wiltshire in 1529)
  • 1524: Sir William Haut of Bourne Place, Bishopsbourne[5]
  • 1527: Sir John Scott[6]
  • 1529: Sir Edward Wotton of Boughton Place, Boughton Malherbe[9]
  • 1535: Sir Edward Wotton of Boughton Place, Boughton Malherbe[9]
  • 1537: Sir William Haut of Bourne Place, Bishopsbourne[5]
  • 1541: Sir Reginald Scott of Scot's Hall [6][10]
  • 1546: William Sidley of Scadbury, Southfleet[10]
  • 1547: Sir George Harpur of Sutton Valence[10]
  • 1548: Thomas Culpeper of Bedgbury[10]
  • 1549: Sir Thomas Wyatt of Allington Castle[10]
  • 1550: Sir Henry Isley of Sundridge[10]
  • 1551: Sir John Guideford of Hemsted[10]
  • 1557-8: Thomas Wotton of Boughton Place, Boughton Malherbe[9]
  • 1561: Richard Baker of Sissinghurst Castle
  • 1562: Sir Thomas Walsingham of Scadbury Manor, bei Chislehurst[8]
  • 1565: John Sedley of Southfleet[11]
  • 1566: Willam Cromer of Tunstall[7]
  • 1576: Sir Thomas Scott of Scot's Hall [6]
  • 1578: Thomas Wotton of Boughton Place, Boughton Malherbe[9]
  • 1582: Sir Richard Baker of Sissinghurst Castle
  • 1585: Willam Cromer of Tunstall[7]
  • 1589: William Sedley of Southfleet[11]
  • 1594: Sir Edward Wotton of Boughton Place, Boughton Malherbe, (Baron Wotton von 1603)[9]
  • 1599: Roger Twysden of Roydon Hall, East Peckham

17. Jahrhundert[Bearbeiten]

18. Jahrhundert[Bearbeiten]

  • 1704: Sir Thomas Culpeper Bt of Preston Hall, Aylesford[4]
  • 1705: Sir Edward Betenson Bt of Scadbury Manor, bei Chislehurst
  • 1709: Sir Comport Fytche Bt of Mount Markfall, Eltham
  • 1710: Sir Thomas Style Bt of Wateringbury
  • 1724: Sir Robert Austen Bt of Hall Place, Bexley
  • 1733: Sir Brook Bridges Bt of Goodneston Park bei Sandwich, starb im Amt, gefolgt von Sir Wyndham Knatchbull Bt of Mersham Hatch
  • 1753: Sir John Shaw Bt of Eltham Lodge, Eltham
  • 1761: William Jumper, esq. of Leed's-abbey.
  • 1762: Sir George Kelly of Speldhurst, zum Knight während seines Amtes ernannt
  • 1763: William Gorden, esq. of Rochester.
  • 1764: Henry Goodwin, esq. of Deptford.
  • 1765: Sir Richard Betenson, bart. of Bradbourn, in Sevenoke.
  • 1766: William Wilson, esq.
  • 1767: James Whatman, esq. of Boxley.
  • 1768: Richard Hulse, esq. of Baldwin's, near Dartford, zweiter Sohn von Sir Edward Hulse.
  • 1769: William Wheatley, esq. of Erith.
  • 1770: John Toke, esq. of Goddington, in Great Chart.
  • 1771: William Daniel Master, esq. of Yotes, in Mereworth.
  • 1772: James Flint, esq. of Judde-house, in Ospringe.
  • 1773: Josiah Fuller Farrer, esq. of Cleve-court, in Thanet.
  • 1774: Willshire Emmett, esq. of Wiarton, in Boughton Monchelsea.
  • 1775: Granville Wheeler, esq. of Otterden-place.
  • 1776: William Perrin, esq. of Smith's-hall, in West Farleigh.
  • 1777: Benjamin Harenc, esq. of Footscray-place.
  • 1778: John Ward, esq. of Westerham.
  • 1779: William Slade, esq. of Lewisham.
  • 1780: Robert Burrow, esq. of Holwood-hill.
  • 1781: John Cator, esq. of Beckenham-place.
  • 1782: Samuel Boys, esq. of Hawkhurst.
  • 1783: Henry Hawley, esq. of the Grange, in Leyborne, seither Baronet.
  • 1784: Charles Booth, esq. of Harrietsham-place, geadelt während seiner Amtszeit
  • 1785: Edward Knatchbull esq. of Provenders, in Norton, ältester Sohn des Sir Edward Knatchbull, Baronet.
  • 1786: Thomas Hallet Hodges, esq. of Hemsted, in Benenden.
  • 1787: John Cottin, esq. of Hill-park, in Westerham.
  • 1788: James Bond, esq. of Hayes, teils auch 1789.
  • 1789: John Cartier, esq. of Bedgbury, in Goudhurst, Amt gegen Ende des Jahres
  • 1790: Leonard Bartholemew, esq. of Addington-place.
  • 1791: William James Drake Brockman, esq. of Bitchborough, in Newington, bei Hythe.
  • 1792: Henry Streatfield, esq. of Highstreet-house, in Chiddingstone.
  • 1793: George Norman, esq. of Bromley.
  • 1794: Richard Carew, esq. of Orpington.
  • 1795: Gabriel Harpur, esq. of Gore-court, in Tunstall; Samuel Chambers, esq. wurde zum Stellvertreter ernannt und übte dieses Amt für ihn aus.
  • 1796: John Mumford, esq. of Sutton at Hone.

19. Jahrhundert[Bearbeiten]

  • 1830: Edward Rice, of Dane Court
  • 1831: Baden Powell, of Speldhurst
  • 1832: George Douglas, of Chilston Park
  • 1833: Demetrius Grevis James, of Ightham
  • 1834: George Stone, of Chislehurst
  • 1835: John Ward, of Holwood
  • 1836: Sir Edward Cholmeley Dering, 8th Baronet, of Surrenden
  • 1837: Francis Bradley, of Gore Court
  • 1838: Thomas Turner Alkin, of Hunton Court
  • 1839: David Salomons, of Broom Hill, Tunbridge
  • 1840: Arthur Pott, of Bentham Hill
  • 1841: De La Mark Banks, of Sheppy Court
  • 1842: Henry Hoare, of Staplehurst
  • 1843: Frederick Perkins, of Chipsted Place
  • 1844: Sir Joseph Hawley, 3rd Baronet, of Leybourne Grange[12]
  • 1845: Sir Moses Montefiore, of East Cliff, Saint Lawrence
  • 1846: William Osmun Hammond, of Saint Alban's
  • 1847: John Pelly Atkins, of Halsted
  • 1848: John Ashley Warre, of Westcliffe, Saint Lawrence
  • 1849: William Masters Smith, of Camer, Meopham
  • 1850: Matthew Bell, of Bourne House, Bishopsbourne
  • 1855: Sir Walter Charles James, 2nd Baronet, of Betteshanger, bei Sandwich
  • 1856: Richard Paterson, of Leesons, Chislehurst
  • 1857: John Savage, of St Leonards
  • 1858: Edward Ladd Betts, of Preston Hall, Aylesford
  • 1859: Sir Richard Tufton, 1st Baronet, of Hothfield Place, bei Maidstone
  • 1860: Sir Courtenay Honywood, 7th Baronet, of Evington, Elmstead, bei Canterbury
  • 1861: Alexander Randall, of Foley House, Maidstone
  • 1862: Henry Bannerman, of Hunton Court, bei Maidstone
  • 1863: Samuel Long, of Bromley Hill
  • 1864: George Field, of Ashurst Park, bei Tonbridge Wells
  • 1865: Robert Rodger, of Hadlow Castle, bei Tonbridge
  • 1891: Charles Wheler Wheler, of Otterden Place, Faversham

20. Jahrhundert[Bearbeiten]

21. Jahrhundert[Bearbeiten]

Weblinks[Bearbeiten]

  • [1] The official website for the High Sheriff and the Shrievalty in the County of Kent (engl.)

Einzelnachweise[Bearbeiten]

  1. London Gazette 59966 vom 14. November 2011. Nominierung für die drei nächsten Jahre.
  2. Keats-Rohan, K. S. B.: Domesday People: A Prosopography of Persons Occurring in English Documents, 1066-1166: Domesday Book. Boydell Press, Ipswich, UK 1999, ISBN 0-85115-722-x.
  3. Bernard Burke: A Visitation of the Seats and Arms of the Noblemen and Gentlemen of Great Britain and Ireland. Hurst and Blackett, 1855.
  4. a b c d e f g A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England Ireland and Scotland Burke and Burke (1838) pp 143-44
  5. a b c d e f The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent Vol 9 (1800) Edward Halsted pp 328-37 from British History on line.
  6. a b c d e f g h Dictionary of National Biography (under Sir William Scott, d. 1350)
  7. a b c d e The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent Vol 6 (1798) Edward Halsted from British History on line
  8. a b c The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent Vol 2 (1797) Edward Halsted pp 2-22 from British History on line.
  9. a b c d e f The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent Vol 5 (1798) Edward Halsted pp397-415 from British History on line
  10. a b c d e f g The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent Vol 1 (1797) Edward Halsted pp 177-213 from British History on line. List of Sheriffs to 1796 accessed 17 November 2007
  11. a b c d The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent Vol 2 (1797) Edward Halsted pp421-40 from British History on line.
  12. Sheriffs for the Year 1844 in The Annual Register for 1844, p. 160, online at books.google.com (accessed 9 September 2008)
  13. History of the Office of High Sheriff in Kent The High Sheriff and the Shrievalty in the County of Kent.