National Book Award

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Der National Book Award (NBA) ist neben dem Pulitzer-Preis der renommierteste Literaturpreis der USA.

Er wird seit 1950 jährlich vergeben; zurzeit in den vier Kategorien Roman, Sachbuch, Lyrik und Jugendbuch. Zuvor gab es eine Anzahl weiterer Kategorien, die aber nach und nach aufgegeben wurden. Weiterhin werden jährlich zwei Preise für das Lebenswerk vergeben, die Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters und der Literarian Award for Outstanding Service to the American Literary Community.

Zwischen 1980 und 1986 wurde der Preis unter der Bezeichnung American Book Award verliehen, seit 1989 wird der NBA von der eigens zu diesem Zweck gegründeten National Book Foundation verliehen. Für jede Kategorie gibt es eine fünfköpfige unabhängige Jury.

Der Preisträger muss amerikanischer Staatsbürger sein; sein Werk muss in englischer Sprache verfasst und in den USA verlegt sein. Der Preis ist mit 10.000 US-Dollar dotiert.

Preisträger[Bearbeiten]

Kategorie Prosa (Fiction)[Bearbeiten]

1950 Nelson Algren The Man With The Golden Arm
1951 William Faulkner The Collected Stories of William Faulkner
1952 James Jones From Here to Eternity
1953 Ralph Ellison Invisible Man, dt. Der unsichtbare Mann
1954 Saul Bellow The Adventures of Augie March
1955 William Faulkner A Fable
1956 John O’Hara Ten North Frederick
1957 Wright Morris The Field of Vision
1958 John Cheever The Wapshot Chronicle
1959 Bernard Malamud The Magic Barre
1960 Philip Roth Goodbye, Columbus
1961 Conrad Richter The Waters of Kronos
1962 Walker Percy The Moviegoer, dt. Der Kinogeher
1963 J. F. Powers Morte D'Urban
1964 John Updike The Centaur
1965 Saul Bellow Herzog
1966 Katherine Anne Porter The Collected Stories of Katherine Anne Porter
1967 Bernard Malamud The Fixer
1968 Thornton Wilder The Eighth Day
1969 Jerzy Kosinski Steps
1970 Joyce Carol Oates Them
1971 Saul Bellow Mr. Sammler's Planet
1972 Mary Flannery O’Connor The Complete Stories of Flannery O'Connor
1973 John Barth Chimera
1973 John Williams Augustus
1974 Thomas Pynchon Gravity's Rainbow (letztlich nicht verliehen), dt.: Die Enden der Parabel
1974 Isaac Bashevis Singer A Crown of Feathers and Other Stories
1975 Robert Stone Dog Soldiers
1975 Thomas Williams The Hair of Harold Roux
1976 William Gaddis JR
1977 Wallace Stegner The Spectator Bird
1978 Mary Lee Settle Blood Ties
1979 Tim O’Brien Going After Cacciato
1980 Hardcover William Styron Sophie's Choice
1980 Paperback John Irving The World According to Garp, dt. Garp und wie er die Welt sah
1981 Hardcover Wright Morris Plains Song
1981 Paperback John Cheever The Stories of John Cheever
1982 Hardcover John Updike Rabbit is Rich
1982 Paperback William Maxwell So Long, See You Tomorrow
1983 Hardcover Alice Walker The Color Purple
1983 Paperback Eudora Welty Collected Stories of Eudora Welty
1984 Ellen Gilchrist Victory Over Japan: A Book of Stories
1985 Don DeLillo White Noise
1986 E. L. Doctorow World's Fair
1987 Larry Heinemann Paco's Story
1988 Pete Dexter Paris Trout
1989 John Casey Spartina
1990 Charles Richard Johnson Middle Passage
1991 Norman Rush Mating
1992 Cormac McCarthy All the Pretty Horses
1993 Annie Proulx The Shipping News
1994 William Gaddis A Frolic of His Own
1995 Philip Roth Sabbath's Theater
1996 Andrea Barrett Ship Fever and Other Stories
1997 Charles Frazier Cold Mountain
1998 Alice McDermott Charming Billy
1999 Ha Jin Waiting
2000 Susan Sontag In America
2001 Jonathan Franzen The Corrections
2002 Julia Glass Three Junes
2003 Shirley Hazzard The Great Fire
2004 Lily Tuck The News from Paraguay
2005 William T. Vollmann Europe Central
2006 Richard Powers The Echo Maker
2007 Denis Johnson Tree of Smoke
2008 Peter Matthiessen Shadow Country: A New Rendering of the Watson Legend
2009 Colum McCann Let the Great World Spin
2010 Jaimy Gordon Lord of Misrule
2011 Jesmyn Ward Salvage the Bones
2012 Louise Erdrich The Round House
2013 James McBride The Good Lord Bird

Kategorie Sachbuch (Nonfiction)[Bearbeiten]

1950 Ralph L. Rusk Ralph Waldo Emerson
1951 Newton Arvin Herman Melville
1952 Rachel Carson The Sea Around Us
1953 Bernard A. De Voto The Course of Empire
1954 Bruce Catton A Stillness at Appomattox
1955 Joseph Wood Krutch The Measure of Man
1956 Herbert Kubly An American in Italy
1957 George F. Kennan Russia Leaves the War
1958 Catherine Drinker Bowen The Lion and the Throne
1959 J. Christopher Herold Misterss to an Age: A Life of Madame De Stael
1960 Richard Ellmann James Joyce
1961 William L. Shirer The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, dt. Aufstieg und Fall des Dritten Reiches
1962 Lewis Mumford The City in History: Its Origins, its Transformations and its Prospects
1963 Leon Edel Henry James, Vol. II: The Conquest of London; Henry James, Vol. III: The Middle Years
1964 Aileen Ward John Keats: The Making of a Poet
1964 William Hardy McNeill The Rise of the West: A History of the Human Community
1964 Christopher Tunnard & Boris Pushkarev Man-made America
1965 Eleanor Clark Oysters of Lockmariaquer
1965 Louis Fischer The Life of Lenin
1965 Norbert Wiener God and Golem, Inc: A Comment on Certain Points where Cybernetics Impinges on Religion
1966 Janet Flanner Paris Journal, 1944–1965
1966 Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr A Thousand Days
1967 Justin Kaplan Mr. Clemens and Mark Twain: A Biography
1967 Peter Gay The Enlightenment, Vol. I: An Interpretation the Rise of Modern Paganism
1967 Oscar Lewis La Vida
1968 William Troy Selected Essays
1968 George F. Kennan Memoirs: 1925–1950
1968 Jonathan Kozol Death at an Early Age
1969 Norman Mailer The Armies of the Night: History as a Novel, The Novel as History
1969 Winthrop D. Jordan White over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro, 1550–1812
1969 Robert Lifton Death in Life: Survivors of Hiroshima
1980 Hardcover Tom Wolfe The Right Stuff
1980 Paperback Peter Matthiessen The Snow Leopard
1981 Hardcover Maxine Hong Kingston China Men
1981 Paperback Jane Kramer The Last Cowboy
1982 Hardcover Tracy Kidder The Soul of a New Machine
1982 Paperback Victor S. Navasky Naming Names
1983 Hardcover Fox Butterfield China: Alive in the Bitter Sea
1983 Paperback James Fallows National Defense
1984 Robert V. Remini Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Democracy, 1833–1845
1985 J. Anthony Lukas Common Ground: A Turbulate Decade in the Lives of Three American Families
1986 Barry Lopez Arctic Dreams
1987 Richard Rhodes The Making of the Atom Bomb
1988 Neil Sheehan A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam
1989 Thomas L. Friedman From Beirut to Jerusalem
1990 Ron Chernow The House of Morgan: An American Banking Dynasty and the Rise of Modern Finance
1991 Orlando Patterson Freedom
1992 Paul Monette Becoming a Man: Half a Life Story
1993 Gore Vidal United States: Essays 1952–1992
1994 Sherwin B. Nuland How We Die: Reflections on Life’s Final Chapter
1995 Tina Rosenberg The Haunted Land: Facing Europe’s Ghosts After Communism
1996 James Carroll An American Requiem: God, My Father, and the War that Came Between Us
1997 Joseph J. Ellis American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson
1998 Edward Ball Slaves in the Family
1999 John W. Dower Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II
2000 Nathaniel Philbrick In the Heart of the Sea: The Tragedy of the Waleship Essex
2001 Andrew Solomon The Noonday Demon: An Atlas of Depression
2002 Robert A. Caro Master of the Senate: The Years of Lyndon Johnson
2003 Carlos Eire Waiting for Snow in Havana: Confessions of a Cuban Boy
2004 Kevin Boyle Arc of Justice: A Saga of Race, Civil Rights, and Murder in the Jazz Age
2005 Joan Didion The Year of Magical Thinking, dt. Das Jahr magischen Denkens
2006 Timothy Egan The Worst Hard Time: The Untold Story of Those Who Survived the Great American Dust Bowl
2007 Tim Weiner Legacy of Ashes: The History of the CIA
2008 Annette Gordon-Reed The Hemingses of Monticello: An American Family
2009 T. J. Stiles The First Tycoon: The Epic Life of Cornelius Vanderbilt
2010 Patti Smith Just Kids
2011 Stephen Greenblatt The Swerve: How the World Became Modern
2012 Katherine Boo Behind the Beautiful Forevers: Life, Death, and Hope in a Mumbai Undercity, dt. Annawadi oder Der Traum von einem anderen Leben
2013 George Packer The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America

Kategorie Lyrik (Poetry)[Bearbeiten]

1950 William Carlos Williams Paterson: Book III and Selected Poems
1951 Wallace Stevens The Auroras of Autumn
1952 Marianne Moore Collected Poems
1953 Archibald MacLeish Collected Poems, 1917–1952
1954 Conrad Aiken Collected Poems
1955 Wallace Stevens The Collected Poems of Wallace Stevens
1956 W. H. Auden The Shield of Achilles
1957 Richard Wilbur Things of the World
1958 Robert Penn Warren Promises: Poems, 1954–1956
1959 Theodore Roethke Words for the Wind
1960 Robert Lowell Life Studies
1961 Randall Jarrell The Woman at the Washington Zoo
1962 Alan Dugan Poems
1963 William Stafford Traveling Through the Dark
1964 John Crowe Ransom Selected Poems
1965 Theodore Roethke The Far Field
1966 James Dickey Buckdancer's Choice: Poems
1967 James Merrill Nights and Days
1968 Robert Bly The Light Around the Body
1969 John Berryman His Toy, His Dream, His Rest
1970 Elizabeth Bishop The Complete Poems
1971 Mona Van Duyn To See, To Take
1972 Howard Moss Selected Poems
1972 Frank O'Hara The Collected Works of Frank O'Hara
1973 A. R. Ammons Collected Poems, 1951–1971
1974 Allen Ginsberg The Fall of America: Poems of these States, 1965–1971
1974 Adrienne Rich Diving into the Wreck: Poems 1971–1972
1975 Marilyn Hacker Presentation Piece
1976 John Ashbery Self-portrait in a Convex Mirror
1977 Richard Eberhart Collected Poems, 1930–1976
1978 Howard Nemerov The Collected Poems of Howard Nemerov
1979 James Merrill Mirabell: Book of Numbers
1980 Philip Levine Ashes
1981 Lisel Mueller The Need to Hold Still
1982 William Bronk Life Supports: New and Collected Poems
1983 Galway Kinnell Selected Poems
1983 Charles Wright Country Music: Selected Early Poems
1991 Philip Levine What Work Is
1992 Mary Oliver New & Selected Poems
1993 A. R. Ammons Garbage
1994 James Tate A Worshipful Company of Fletchers
1995 Stanley Kunitz Passing Through: The Later Poems
1996 Hayden Carruth Scrambled Eggs & Whiskey
1997 William Meredith Effort at Speech: New & Selected Poems
1998 Gerald Stern This Time: New and Selected Poems
1999 Ai Vice: New & Selected Poems
2000 Lucille Clifton Poems Seven: New and Complete Poetry
2001 Alan Dugan Blessing the Boats: New and Selected Poems 1988–2000
2002 Ruth Stone In the Next Galaxy
2003 C.K. Williams The Singing
2004 Jean Valentine Door in the Mountain: New and Collected Poems, 1965–2003
2005 W. S. Merwin Migration
2006 Nathaniel Mackey Splay Anthem
2007 Robert Hass Time and Materials: Poems, 1997–2005
2008 Mark Doty Fire to Fire: New and Collected Poems
2009 Keith Waldrop Transcendental Studies: A Trilogy
2010 Terrance Hayes Lighthead
2011 Nikky Finney Head Off & Split
2012 David Ferry Bewilderment: New Poems and Translations
2013 Mary Szybist Incarnadine

Kategorie Jugendbuch (Young People's Literature)[Bearbeiten]

1996 Victor Martinez Parrott In the Oven: MiVida (dt. Der Papagei im Ofen)
1997 Han Nolan Dancing on the Edge
1998 Louis Sachar Holes (dt. Löcher)
1999 Kimberly Willis Holt When Zachary Beaver Came to Town (dt. Sommerblues)
2000 Gloria Whelan Homeless Bird
2001 Virginia Euwer Wolff True Believer (dt. Fest dran glauben)
2002 Nancy Farmer The House of the Scorpion (dt. Das Skorpionenhaus)
2003 Polly Horvath The Canning Season (dt. Der Blaubeersommer)
2004 Pete Hautman Godless
2005 Jeanne Birdsall The Penderwicks (dt. Die Penderwicks)
2006 Matthew Tobin Anderson The Astonishing Life of Octavian Nothing, Traitor to the Nation, Vol. 1: The Pox Party
2007 Sherman Alexie The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian (dt. Das absolut wahre Tagebuch eines Teilzeit-Indianers)
2008 Judy Blundell What I Saw and How I Lied (dt. Die Lügen, die wir erzählten)
2009 Phillip Hoose Claudette Colvin: Twice Toward Justice
2010 Kathryn Erskine Mockingbird
2011 Thanhha Lai Inside Out & Back Again
2012 William Alexander Goblin Secrets
2013 Cynthia Kadohata The Thing About Luck

Kategorie Kinderbuch[Bearbeiten]

1969 Meindert DeJong Journey from Peppermint Street
1970 Isaac Bashevis Singer A Day of Pleasure: Stories of a Boy Growing up in Warsaw (dt. Eine Kindheit in Warschau)
1971 Lloyd Alexander The Marvelous Misadventures of Sebastian (dt. Sebastians wundersame Abenteuer)
1972 Donald Barthelme The Slightly Irregular Fire Engine or The Hithering Thithering Djinn (dt. Mathilda und die Feuerwehr, die nicht ganz so war, wie sie sein sollte)
1973 Ursula K. Le Guin The Farthest Shore (dt. Das ferne Ufer)
1974 Eleanor Cameron The Court of the Stone Children
1975 Virginia Hamilton M. C. Higgins the Great (dt. M. C. Higgins, der Große)
1976 Walter D. Edmonds Bert Breen's Barn
1977 Katherine Paterson The Master Puppeteer (dt. Puppenspieler und Banditen)
1978 Judith & Herbert Kohl The View from the Oak (dt. Mit den Augen einer Biene: so nehmen Tiere ihre Umwelt wahr)
1979 Katherine Paterson The Great Gilly Hopkins (dt. Gilly Hopkins)
1980 Hardcover Joan W. Blos A Gathering of Days: A New England Girl's Journal
1980 Paperback Madeleine L’Engle A Swiftly Tilting Planet (dt. Durch Zeit und Raum)
1981 Hardcover Betsy Byars The Night Swimmers (dt. Die geheimnisvolle Mondnacht)
1981 Paperback Beverly Cleary Ramona and Her Mother (dt. Ramona liebt Mama − meistens)
1982 Hardcover Lloyd Alexander Westmark (dt. Aufruhr in Westmark)
1982 Paperback Ouida Sebestyen Words by Heart
1983 Hardcover Jean Fritz Homesick: My Own Story (dt. Kleines Herz in China)
1983 Paperback Paula Fox A Place Apart
1983 Paperback Joyce Carol Thomas Marked by Fire

Kategorie Bilderbuch[Bearbeiten]

1982 Hardcover Maurice Sendak Outside Over There (dt. Als Papa fort war)
1982 Paperback Peter Spier Noah's Ark (dt. Noahs Arche in Bildern)
1983 Hardcover Barbara Cooney Miss Rumphius (dt. Die Lupinenfrau)
1983 Hardcover William Steig Doctor De Soto (dt. Doktor De Soto)
1983 Paperback Mary Ann Hoberman & Betty Fraser (ill.) A House is a House for Me

Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letter (Lebenswerk)[Bearbeiten]

Literarian Award for Outstanding Service to the American Literarary Community (Lebenswerk)[Bearbeiten]

Siehe auch[Bearbeiten]

Weblinks[Bearbeiten]

Einzelnachweise[Bearbeiten]

  1. Indien und Indianer in FAZ vom 16. November 2012, Seite 34