Simple Past

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Das Simple Past ist eine Zeitform der Verben in der englischen Sprache. Die deutsche Entsprechung des Simple Past ist das Präteritum.

Bildung[Bearbeiten]

Bei allen Personen wird einfach der Wortstamm verwendet und die Endung „-ed“ angehängt. Wenn ein ′e′ vorhanden ist, wird nur ′d′ angehängt. Verben, die auf ′y′ enden, erhalten die Endung „i+ed“:

  • 1. Person Singular: I listened.
  • 2. Person Singular: You listened.
  • 3. Person Singular: He/She/It listened.
  • 1. Person Plural: We listened.
  • 2. Person Plural: You listened.
  • 3. Person Plural: They listened.

Es gibt auch unregelmäßige Verben, wie zum Beispiel „to speak“:

  • 1. Person Singular: I spoke.
  • 2. Person Singular: You spoke.
  • 3. Person Singular: He/She/It spoke.
  • 1. Person Plural: We spoke.
  • 2. Person Plural: You spoke.
  • 3. Person Plural: They spoke.

Die Verneinung wird mit „did not“ (oder kurz „didn't“) gebildet.

  • 1. Person Singular: I did not speak.
  • 2. Person Singular: You did not speak.
  • 3. Person Singular: He/She/It did not speak.
  • 1. Person Plural: We did not speak.
  • 2. Person Plural: You did not speak.
  • 3. Person Plural: They did not speak.

Frage[Bearbeiten]

Bei der Frageform wird ein „did“ vorangestellt. Speak wird danach nicht ins Simple Past gesetzt, sondern steht im Infinitiv.

  • 1. Person Singular: Did I speak?
  • 2. Person Singular: Did you speak?
  • 3. Person Singular: Did he/she/it speak?
  • 1. Person Plural: Did we speak?
  • 2. Person Plural: Did you speak?
  • 3. Person Plural: Did they speak?

Merke: Das Simple Past ist die erste Vergangenheit. Es drückt aus, wann etwas geschehen ist.

Verwendung[Bearbeiten]

Das Simple Past wird verwendet bei:

  • Handlungen in der Vergangenheit, die bereits abgeschlossen sind
  • aufeinander folgenden Handlungen in der Vergangenheit
  • eintretende Handlungen, die im Ablauf befindliche Handlungen unterbrechen
  • einer Handlung in der Vergangenheit, z. B. von der man weiß, wann sie passiert ist

Außerdem wird es für den If-Satz Typ II benötigt.

Folgende Wörter sind Signalwörter für das Simple Past:

  • yesterday
  • two months ago
  • in 2003
  • Saturday
  • first
  • then
  • last week

Unregelmäßige Formen (Auswahl)[Bearbeiten]

  • to be → was/were
  • to become → became
  • to begin → began
  • to bite → bit
  • to blow → blew
  • to break → broke
  • to bring → brought
  • to build → built
  • to burn → burned/burnt
  • to buy → bought
  • to catch → caught
  • to choose → chose
  • to come → came
  • to cost → cost
  • to cut → cut
  • to dig → dug
  • to do → did
  • to draw → drew
  • to dream → dreamed/dreamt
  • to drink → drank
  • to drive → drove
  • to eat → ate
  • to feel → felt
  • to fall → fell
  • to feed → fed
  • to fight → fought
  • to find → found
  • to fly → flew
  • to forbid → forebade
  • to forget → forgot
  • to get → got
  • to give → gave
  • to go → went
  • to grow → grew
  • to hang → hung
  • to have → had
  • to hear → heard
  • to hide → hid
  • to hit → hit
  • to hold → held
  • to hurt → hurt
  • to keep → kept
  • to know → knew
  • to lay → laid
  • to learn → learned/learnt
  • to leave → left
  • to lend → lent
  • to let → let
  • to lie → lay
  • to light → lit
  • to lose → lost
  • to make → made
  • to mean → meant
  • to meet → met
  • to overtake → overtook
  • to pay → paid
  • to put → put
  • to read → read
  • to ride → rode
  • to ring → rang
  • to run → ran
  • to say → said
  • to see → saw
  • to sell → sold
  • to send → sent
  • to set → set
  • to shine → shone
  • to shoot → shot
  • to show → showed (die Partizipform shown ist unregelmäßig)
  • to shut → shut
  • to sing → sang
  • to sink → sank
  • to sit → sat
  • to sleep → slept
  • to smell → smelled/smelt
  • to speak → spoke
  • to spend → spent
  • to spill → spilt/spilled
  • to split → split
  • to spread → spread
  • to steal → stole
  • to stick → stuck
  • to strike → struck
  • to swim → swam
  • to swing → swung
  • to take → took
  • to teach → taught
  • to tell → told
  • to think → thought
  • to throw → threw
  • to understand → understood
  • to wake → woke
  • to wear → wore
  • to win → won
  • to wind → wound
  • to write → wrote

Quellen[Bearbeiten]