Liste der nicaraguanischen Botschafter in den Vereinigten Staaten

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Embassy of Nicaragua in Washington, United States of America – 1627 New Hampshire Ave. N.W. Washington, D.C. 20009.
Agrément/Ernennung Akkreditierung (Diplomatie) Botschafter Bemerkungen ernannt von akkreditiert während der Regierung von Posten verlassen
24. Dez. 1849 {{{2}}}, Eduardo Carcache Eduardo Carcache {{{2}}}, Norberto Ramírez Norberto Ramírez {{{2}}}, Zachary Taylor Zachary Taylor 08. Juli 1850
22. Feb. 1851 {{{2}}}, José de Marcoleta José de Marcoleta

José de Marcoleta erhielt vom US-Außenministerium die Mitteilung, dass eine weiter offizielle Kommunikation mit ihm ablehnt wird.[1]

{{{2}}}, Justo Abaunza Justo Abaunza {{{2}}}, Millard Fillmore Millard Fillmore 30. Dez. 1852
14. Mai  1856 {{{2}}}, Agustin Vigil Agustin Vigil {{{2}}}, Patricio Rivas Patricio Rivas {{{2}}}, Franklin Pierce Franklin Pierce 28. Juni 1856
  1856 {{{2}}}, John P. Heiss John P. Heiss (* 1812; † 1865), Geschäftsträger,[2][3][4] {{{2}}}, Patricio Rivas Patricio Rivas {{{2}}}, Franklin Pierce Franklin Pierce   1856
  1856 {{{2}}}, Parker H. French Parker H. French (* 1826 in Kentucky) [5] {{{2}}}, Patricio Rivas Patricio Rivas {{{2}}}, Franklin Pierce Franklin Pierce   1856
 Nov. 1857 {{{2}}}, Antonio José de Irisarri Antonio José de Irisarri Botschafter Nicaraguas, El Salvadors und Guatemalas in den USA {{{2}}}, Tomás Martínez Tomás Martínez {{{2}}}, James Buchanan James Buchanan
  1861 {{{2}}}, Luis Molina Bedoya Luis Molina Bedoya Botschafter Nicaraguas und Honduras {{{2}}}, Tomás Martínez Tomás Martínez {{{2}}}, Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln   1867
  1887 {{{2}}}, Horacio Guzman Horacio Guzman Generalkonsul: Alexander Isaac Cotheal (* 3. November 1804 in New York City; † 25. Februar 1894); Konsul in New York: Charles Ranlett Flint [6] {{{2}}}, Evaristo Carazo Evaristo Carazo {{{2}}}, Grover Cleveland Grover Cleveland   1894
01. Nov. 1893 {{{2}}}, first published Diplomatic List first published Diplomatic List {{{2}}}, José Santos Zelaya José Santos Zelaya {{{2}}}, Grover Cleveland Grover Cleveland
04. Okt. 1893 {{{2}}}, Horacio Guzman Horacio Guzman außerordentlicher Gesandter und Ministre Plenipotenciario auch von El Salvador {{{2}}}, José Santos Zelaya José Santos Zelaya {{{2}}}, Grover Cleveland Grover Cleveland 01. Jan. 1896
24. Dez. 1896 {{{2}}}, José Dolores Rodriguez José Dolores Rodriguez außerordentlicher Gesandter und Ministre plénipotentiaire of the Greater Republic of Central America {{{2}}}, José Santos Zelaya José Santos Zelaya {{{2}}}, Grover Cleveland Grover Cleveland 01. Jan. 1897
  1898 {{{2}}}, Luis Felipe Corea Luis Felipe Corea Verhandelte mit John Hay über einen Interozeanischen Kanal durch Nicaragua.[7] {{{2}}}, José Santos Zelaya José Santos Zelaya {{{2}}}, William McKinley William McKinley  Jan. 1899
05. Jan. 1899 11. Sep. 1899 {{{2}}}, Luis Felipe Corea Luis Felipe Corea Geschäftsträger {{{2}}}, José Santos Zelaya José Santos Zelaya {{{2}}}, William McKinley William McKinley
  1908 {{{2}}}, Pedro González (1925) Pedro González (1925) († 1925)[8] {{{2}}}, José Santos Zelaya José Santos Zelaya {{{2}}}, Theodore Roosevelt Theodore Roosevelt
28. Jan. 1909 {{{2}}}, Rodolfo Espinoza Ramírez Rodolfo Espinoza Ramírez (* 1876 in Managua; † 1944) Minister Resident[9] {{{2}}}, José Madriz José Madriz {{{2}}}, William Howard Taft William Howard Taft   1909
25. Okt. 1909 {{{2}}}, Felipe Rodríguez (nicaraguanischer Diplomat) Felipe Rodríguez (nicaraguanischer Diplomat) Geschäftsträger {{{2}}}, José Madriz José Madriz {{{2}}}, William Howard Taft William Howard Taft  Dez. 1909
10. Jan. 1911  Feb. 1911 {{{2}}}, Salvador Castrillo, Junior Salvador Castrillo, Junior {{{2}}}, Adolfo Díaz Adolfo Díaz {{{2}}}, William Howard Taft William Howard Taft
29. Mai  1913 {{{2}}}, Emiliano Chamorro Vargas Emiliano Chamorro Vargas Bryan-Chamorro Treaty {{{2}}}, Adolfo Díaz Adolfo Díaz {{{2}}}, Woodrow Wilson Woodrow Wilson   1916
01. Okt. 1917 {{{2}}}, Ramon Enriquez Ramon Enriquez Geschäftsträger {{{2}}}, Emiliano Chamorro Vargas Emiliano Chamorro Vargas {{{2}}}, Woodrow Wilson Woodrow Wilson
05. Jan. 1921 {{{2}}}, Alejandro Cesar Alejandro Cesar {{{2}}}, Diego Manuel Chamorro Bolaños Diego Manuel Chamorro Bolaños {{{2}}}, Warren G. Harding Warren G. Harding
06. Juli 1921 {{{2}}}, Emiliano Chamorro Vargas Emiliano Chamorro Vargas {{{2}}}, Diego Manuel Chamorro Bolaños Diego Manuel Chamorro Bolaños {{{2}}}, Warren G. Harding Warren G. Harding
05. Okt. 1923 {{{2}}}, Manuel Zavala Manuel Zavala Geschäftsträger {{{2}}}, Bartolomé Martínez Bartolomé Martínez {{{2}}}, Calvin Coolidge Calvin Coolidge
17. Juli 1924 {{{2}}}, Jose Antonio Tigerino Jose Antonio Tigerino Geschäftsträger {{{2}}}, Bartolomé Martínez Bartolomé Martínez {{{2}}}, Calvin Coolidge Calvin Coolidge
24. Juli 1925 25. Sep. 1925 {{{2}}}, Pedro González (nicaraguanischer Diplomat) Pedro González (nicaraguanischer Diplomat) {{{2}}}, Carlos José Solórzano Carlos José Solórzano {{{2}}}, Calvin Coolidge Calvin Coolidge
25. Nov. 1925 {{{2}}}, Francisco S. Ranasco Francisco S. Ranasco Geschäftsträger {{{2}}}, Carlos José Solórzano Carlos José Solórzano {{{2}}}, Calvin Coolidge Calvin Coolidge
05. Jan. 1926 {{{2}}}, Salvador Castrillo Salvador Castrillo {{{2}}}, Emiliano Chamorro Vargas Emiliano Chamorro Vargas {{{2}}}, Calvin Coolidge Calvin Coolidge
20. Jan. 1927 {{{2}}}, Alejandro Cesar Alejandro Cesar {{{2}}}, Emiliano Chamorro Vargas Emiliano Chamorro Vargas {{{2}}}, Calvin Coolidge Calvin Coolidge
01. Feb. 1929 {{{2}}}, Evaristo Carazo Evaristo Carazo Geschäftsträger {{{2}}}, José María Moncada Tapia José María Moncada Tapia {{{2}}}, Herbert C. Hoover Herbert C. Hoover
15. Jan. 1932 {{{2}}}, Luis Manuel Debayle Luis Manuel Debayle Geschäftsträger {{{2}}}, José María Moncada Tapia José María Moncada Tapia {{{2}}}, Herbert C. Hoover Herbert C. Hoover
28. Feb. 1933 {{{2}}}, Henri De Bayle Henri De Bayle Geschäftsträger {{{2}}}, Juan Bautista Sacasa Juan Bautista Sacasa {{{2}}}, Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin D. Roosevelt
30. Dez. 1936 {{{2}}}, Henri De Bayle Henri De Bayle Minister Resident {{{2}}}, Carlos Alberto Brenes Jarquín Carlos Alberto Brenes Jarquín {{{2}}}, Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin D. Roosevelt
24. Mär. 1937 12. Apr. 1937 {{{2}}}, Carlos Brenes Jarguin Carlos Brenes Jarguin {{{2}}}, Anastasio Somoza García Anastasio Somoza García {{{2}}}, Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin D. Roosevelt
09. Nov. 1937 15. Dez. 1937 {{{2}}}, León de Bayle León de Bayle {{{2}}}, Anastasio Somoza García Anastasio Somoza García {{{2}}}, Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin D. Roosevelt
04. Mai  1943 {{{2}}}, Gesandtschaft zur Botschaft aufgewertet Gesandtschaft zur Botschaft aufgewertet {{{2}}}, Anastasio Somoza García Anastasio Somoza García {{{2}}}, Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin D. Roosevelt
19. Apr. 1943 04. Mai  1943 {{{2}}}, León de Bayle León de Bayle {{{2}}}, Anastasio Somoza García Anastasio Somoza García {{{2}}}, Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin D. Roosevelt
20. Juli 1943 30. Juli 1943 {{{2}}}, Guillermo Sevilla Sacasa Guillermo Sevilla Sacasa ab Januar 1958 Dojen des Diplomatischen Corps {{{2}}}, Anastasio Somoza García Anastasio Somoza García {{{2}}}, Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin D. Roosevelt   1979
20. Aug. 1979 {{{2}}}, Francisco J. d'Escoto Brockmann Francisco J. d'Escoto Brockmann Geschäftsträger {{{2}}}, Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños {{{2}}}, Jimmy Carter Jimmy Carter
05. Okt. 1979 28. Nov. 1979 {{{2}}}, Rafael Solís Cerda Rafael Solís Cerda {{{2}}}, Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños {{{2}}}, Jimmy Carter Jimmy Carter
08. Apr. 1981 {{{2}}}, Francisco J. d'Escoto Brockmann Francisco J. d'Escoto Brockmann Geschäftsträger {{{2}}}, Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños {{{2}}}, Ronald Reagan Ronald Reagan
02. Dez. 1981 16. Apr. 1981 {{{2}}}, Carlos Chamorro C. Carlos Chamorro C. Geschäftsträger ab 12. Juni 1981 Botschafter {{{2}}}, Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños {{{2}}}, Ronald Reagan Ronald Reagan
 Mär. 1981 {{{2}}}, Arturo J. Cruz Arturo J. Cruz [10] {{{2}}}, Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños {{{2}}}, Ronald Reagan Ronald Reagan  Nov. 1981
09. Feb. 1982 16. Feb. 1982 {{{2}}}, Francisco Fiallos Navarro Francisco Fiallos Navarro [11] {{{2}}}, Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños {{{2}}}, Ronald Reagan Ronald Reagan
18. Dez. 1982 {{{2}}}, Mandel Cordero Mandel Cordero Geschäftsträger {{{2}}}, Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños {{{2}}}, Ronald Reagan Ronald Reagan
27. Mai  1983 16. Juni 1983 {{{2}}}, Jose Antonio Jarquin Lopez Jose Antonio Jarquin Lopez [12] {{{2}}}, Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños {{{2}}}, Ronald Reagan Ronald Reagan 30. Aug. 1984
30. Aug. 1984 26. Nov. 1984 {{{2}}}, Carlos Tünnermann Bernheim Carlos Tünnermann Bernheim {{{2}}}, Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños Francisco Urcuyo Maliaños {{{2}}}, Ronald Reagan Ronald Reagan  Juli 1988
21. Juni 1990 07. Aug. 1990 {{{2}}}, Ernesto Palazio Ernesto Palazio [13] {{{2}}}, Violeta Barrios de Chamorro Violeta Barrios de Chamorro {{{2}}}, George H. W. Bush George H. W. Bush
12. Mär. 1993 23. Juni 1993 {{{2}}}, Roberto Mayorga Cortes Roberto Mayorga Cortes {{{2}}}, Violeta Barrios de Chamorro Violeta Barrios de Chamorro {{{2}}}, Bill Clinton Bill Clinton
18. Mär. 1997 14. Mai  1997 {{{2}}}, Francisco Xavier Aguirre Sacasa Francisco Xavier Aguirre Sacasa {{{2}}}, Arnoldo Alemán Arnoldo Alemán {{{2}}}, Bill Clinton Bill Clinton
06. Dez. 2000 07. Dez. 2000 {{{2}}}, Alfonso Ortega Urbina Alfonso Ortega Urbina {{{2}}}, Arnoldo Alemán Arnoldo Alemán {{{2}}}, Bill Clinton Bill Clinton
16. Mai  2002 19. Juni 2002 {{{2}}}, Carlos Jose Ulvert Sanchez Carlos Jose Ulvert Sanchez {{{2}}}, Enrique Bolaños Geyer Enrique Bolaños Geyer {{{2}}}, George W. Bush George W. Bush
20. Nov. 2003 04. Dez. 2003 {{{2}}}, Salvador Emilio Stadthagen Icaza Salvador Emilio Stadthagen Icaza {{{2}}}, Enrique Bolaños Geyer Enrique Bolaños Geyer {{{2}}}, George W. Bush George W. Bush
21. Feb. 2007 27. Feb. 2007 {{{2}}}, Arturo Jose Cruz Sequeira Arturo Jose Cruz Sequeira [14] {{{2}}}, Daniel Ortega Saavedra Daniel Ortega Saavedra {{{2}}}, George W. Bush George W. Bush   2009
23. Juni 2010 28. Juni 2010 {{{2}}}, Francisco Obadiah Campbell Hooker Francisco Obadiah Campbell Hooker Bruder von Lumberto Campbell [15] {{{2}}}, Daniel Ortega Saavedra Daniel Ortega Saavedra {{{2}}}, Barack Obama Barack Obama
29. Apr. 2006 {{{2}}}, Joaquin Cuadra Zavala Joaquin Cuadra Zavala Geschäftsträger {{{2}}}, Enrique Bolaños Geyer Enrique Bolaños Geyer {{{2}}}, George W. Bush George W. Bush
07. Aug. 2008 {{{2}}}, Diego Manuel Chamorro Diego Manuel Chamorro {{{2}}}, Daniel Ortega Saavedra Daniel Ortega Saavedra {{{2}}}, George W. Bush George W. Bush
15. Apr. 2009 {{{2}}}, Juan Bautista Sacasa Gómez Juan Bautista Sacasa Gómez (*22. Oktober 1944 in Managua), Sohn von Fermine Zenaida Gómez Argüello und Roberto Sacasa Argüello. 1998: Botschafter in Helsinki, 2000: Botscahftert in Moskau, Juli 2001: Ambassador to the Court of St James’s. {{{2}}}, Daniel Ortega Saavedra Daniel Ortega Saavedra {{{2}}}, Barack Obama Barack Obama

[16]

Einzelnachweise[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

  1. José de Marcoleta: Breve Biografia de DOn Jose de Marcoleta (PDF-Datei; 129 kB)
  2. John P. Heiss: HEISS, JOHN P. FAMILY PAPERS 1835-1872. 24. September 1860, archiviert vom Original am 23. April 2009, abgerufen am 23. Juni 2016 (PDF (61 kB)).
  3. Nicaragua and Salvador. 7. Februar 1861, abgerufen am 23. Juni 2016: „John P. Heiss, a special agent of the Government at Washington“
  4. News. Abgerufen am 23. Juni 2016: „"satisfied is he with the cotton-raising experiments made upon the high and healthy interior lands of that region, that it was his purpose immediately to put a hundred acres under cultivation"“
  5. Parker H. French: The New York Times, December 28, 1855, The Dismissal of Mr. Crampton--Parker H. French
  6. Horacio Guzman: On the steamer Sam Sloan, which accompanied the Hondo down the Bay in order to give the members of the expedition a good send-off was a party of a couple of hundred gentlemen. Not one of them had friends in the expedition, but tey wer interested in it as projectors or friends of the projectors. In the party were Horacio Guzman, the Nicarguan Minister to this country: Alexander I. Cotheal Alexander Isaac Cotheal obituary, Consul General of Nicaragua; Charles R. Flint, Consul of Nicaragua at this city; The first absolutely practical step toward the beginning of work on the long-projected Nicaragua Canal was taken yesterday when an engineering party of 40 young gentlemen sailed from this city for Greytown on the steamship Hondo The New York Times, December 1, 1887, [1].[2]The New York Times, July 10, 1893, HAS ENOUGH OF DIPLOMACY.; Dr. Guzman Will Ask the Nicaraguan Government to Relieve Him.[3] [4]
  7. Luis Felipe Corea
  8. Pedro González, Time, Dec. 28, 1925, Dr. Pedro González, one-time Nicaraguan Minister to the U. S.; at Washington, D. C., of uremic poisoning
  9. Rodolfo Espinoza Ramírez: Se enfriaron las relaciones de Estados Unidos con Nicaragua, por este asunto y otras cuestiones, de tal manera que el Presidente Zelaya, decidió enviar al Dr. Rodolfo Espinoza a Washington como Enviado Extraordinario y Ministro Plenipotenciario dándole las siguientes instrucciones ante de partier el 3 de Dieciembre de 1908. Luis Pasos Argüello, Los conflictos internacionales de Nicaragua, Fondo de Promoción Cultural, Banco de América, 1982 – 300 S. S.109
  10. Arturo J. Cruz: The New York Times, December 9, 1981, NICARAGUA NEEDS U.S. TOLERANCE
  11. Francisco Fiallos Navarro: The New York Times, January 9, 1982, U.S. and Nicaragua Are Close To Exchanging Ambassadors, October 31, 1982, Nicaragua’s Ambassador to the United States concedes that his Government’s declaration of a state of emergency has stirred political tension in the country, but maintains that the situation is largely the fault of the Reagan Administration.
  12. Jose Antonio Jarquin Lopez: The New York Times, June 17, 1983, Reagan Sees Nicaraguan
  13. Ernesto Palazio: The New York Times, April 14, 1991, Bush’s Uneasy Welcome For Violeta Chamorro
  14. Arturo Cruz Sequeira
  15. El Nuevo Diario, 22. März 2010, Francisco Campbell
  16. [5]