Strict Baptists

aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie
Zur Navigation springen Zur Suche springen

Die Strict Baptists (deutsch etwa: strikte, strenge Baptisten) sind eine lose Vereinigung von Baptisten mit etwa 6000 Mitgliedern in Großbritannien. Manchmal wird die Bezeichnung Gospel Standard Baptists verwendet. Die einzelnen Gemeinden sind relativ selbständig, so dass es auch gewisse Unterschiede in Lehre und Praxis geben kann. Sie gehören zur calvinistischen Richtung der Particular Baptists, die im Unterschied zu den General Baptists nicht von einem universalen Heilswillen Gottes ausgehen. Die gemeinsame Feier des Herrenmahls findet in geschlossener Form statt (strict oder closed communion), d. h. nur die eigenen, getauften Mitglieder sind zugelassen. Diese ursprünglich sehr verbreitete enge Praxis wurde auch noch von Johann Gerhard Oncken (in Deutschland) aufrechterhalten, während Charles Haddon Spurgeon eine calvinistische Heilslehre mit einer offenen Herrenmahlpraxis verband. Ähnlich öffneten sich im 19. Jahrhundert viele Baptistengemeinden, und im 20. Jahrhundert standen im Kirchenleben andere Themen im Vordergrund, so dass sich diese enge Praxis nur noch bei einer kleinen Minderheit findet.[1]

Das soziale Leben dieser Baptisten spielt sich zum größten Teil untereinander ab. Sonntäglich finden zwei Gottesdienste statt, in denen die Wortverkündigung zentral ist. Der Kirchenbesuch ist überdurchschnittlich.

Ähnliche Gruppen in den USA werden dort als Reformed Baptists oder Sovereign Grace Baptists bezeichnet.[2]

Gemeinden[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

Gemeinde Ort Besonderheiten Bild
Bethel Chapel Allington
Zoar Chapel Ashwell Zoar Baptist Chapel, Ashwell - geograph.org.uk - 809339.jpg
Jireh Chapel Attleborough
Hope Chapel Barton-le-Clay
Old Bexley Baptist Chapel Bexley Old Bexley Baptist Chapel - geograph.org.uk - 853622.jpg
Ebenezer Chapel Biddenden Biddenden Ebenezer Chapel, Bound's Cross - geograph.org.uk - 1524187.jpg
Providence Chapel Biggleswade
Providence Chapel Birkenhead
Hope Chapel Blackboys Hope Strict Baptist Chapel, Blackboys, East Sussex (Geograph Image 1646905 83c375f5).jpg
Strict Baptist Chapel Blunsdon Hill
Ebenezer Chapel Bodle Street Ebenezer Strict Baptist Chapel, Bodle Street Green, East Sussex (Geograph Image 367160 05dc5778).jpg
Mount Zion Chapel Bournemouth Bournemouth, Mount Zion Baptist Chapel - geograph.org.uk - 617882.jpg
Zion Chapel Brabourne Lees Zion Strict Methodist Chapel, Brabourne Lees, UK.jpg
Salem Chapel Braintree
Galeed Chapel Brighton Galeed Strict Baptist Chapel, Brighton 01.JPG
Rehoboth Chapel Bromley
Strict Baptist Chapel Broughton Gifford Broughton Gifford Baptist Chapel - geograph.org.uk - 131563.jpg
Zoar Chapel Canterbury Zoar Chapel - geograph.org.uk - 983725.jpg
Salem Chapel Carshalton
Old Baptist Chapel Chippenham Old Baptist Chapel, Chippenham - geograph.org.uk - 382875.jpg
Strict Baptist Chapel Clifton
Strict Baptist Chapel Colnbrook Colnbrook baptist chapel.jpg
Strict Baptist Chapel Coppice Coppice Baptist Chapel - geograph.org.uk - 268687.jpg
Cranbrook Strict Baptist Chapel Cranbrook The Particular Baptist Chapel, Cranbrook - geograph.org.uk - 1500977.jpg
Providence Chapel Croydon Providence Chapel, West Street, Croydon - geograph.org.uk - 795094.jpg
Zoar Chapel Dicker Zoar Strict Baptist Chapel, Lower Dicker.JPG
Providence Chapel East Peckham Providence Baptist Chapel - geograph.org.uk - 1212180.jpg
Grove Road Strict Baptist Church Eastbourne Grove Road Strict Baptist Church, Eastbourne.jpg
Strict Baptist Chapel Fenstanton
Providence Chapel Gravesend
Hope Chapel Great Yeldham Hope Baptist Chapel, Great Yeldham, Essex - geograph.org.uk - 226460.jpg
Strict Baptist Chapel Grove Strict Baptist Chapel, Grove - geograph.org.uk - 250827.jpg
Bethel Chapel Guildford Bethel Chapel in The Bars - geograph.org.uk - 1396484.jpg
Zoar Chapel Handcross Zoar Strict Baptist Chapel, Handcross.jpg
Cave Adullam Chapel Haslingden Cave Adullam Church 1859 Chapel Street - geograph.org.uk - 472954.jpg
Ebenezer Baptist Church Hastings Ebenezer Baptist Church, Silverhill, Hastings.JPG
Ebenezer Chapel Haynes Ebenezer Strict Baptist Chapel, Haynes, Beds - geograph.org.uk - 174067.jpg
Jireh Chapel Haywards Heath Jireh Strict Baptist Chapel, Haywards Heath.jpg
Ebenezer Chapel Heathfield (Broad Oak) Ebenezer Strict Baptist Chapel, Broad Oak, near Heathfield.JPG
Ebenezer Chapel Horam Ebenezer Strict Baptist Chapel, Pick Hill, Horam, East Sussex (Geograph Image 267602 9cc6434d).jpg
Hope Chapel Horsham Hope Strict Baptist Chapel, Oakhill Road, Horsham.jpg
Providence Chapel Irthlingborough
Rehoboth Chapel Jarvis Brook Rehoboth Strict Baptist Chapel, Jarvis Brook, Crowborough.JPG
Strict Baptist Chapel Kirkland
Strict Baptist Chapel Lakenheath
Strict Baptist Chapel Lamberhurst Lamberhurst Strict Baptist Chapel - geograph.org.uk - 1513085.jpg
Mount Zion Chapel Leatherhead
Ebenezer Chapel Leeds Ebenezer Chapel - 7 Rodley Lane - geograph.org.uk - 459097.jpg
Zion Chapel Leicester
Evington Chapel Leicester
Strict Baptist Chapel Little Downham Fen (Cambridgeshire)
Bethel Chapel Luton
Ebenezer Chapel Luton
Priory Chapel Maidstone
Strict Baptist Chapel Manchester
Ebenezer Church Matfield Ebenezer Church, Matfield - geograph.org.uk - 1436191.jpg
Strict Baptist Chapel Mayfield Mayfield Baptist Chapel, Mayfield.JPG
Ebenezer Chapel Melksham Ebenezer Strict Baptist Chapel, Melksham - geograph.org.uk - 1344951.jpg
Hope Chapel Mount Bures
Providence Chapel Northampton
Zoar Chapel Norwich
Hope Chapel Nottingham
Strict Baptist Chapel Oakington Oakington Methodist Church - geograph.org.uk - 1608717.jpg
Ebenezer Chapel Ossett
Salem Chapel Portsmouth Salem Baptist Chapel - geograph.org.uk - 693555.jpg
Zion Chapel Prestwood Zion Strict Baptist Chapel, Prestwood - geograph.org.uk - 1197677.jpg
Zoar Chapel Reading Zoar Strict Baptist Chapel - geograph.org.uk - 1947078.jpg
Hope Chapel Redhill Hope Chapel, Redhill - geograph.org.uk - 725895.jpg
Ebenezer Chapel Richmond
Ebenezer Chapel Ripley
Hope Chapel Rochdale
Zoar Chapel Romford
Providence Chapel Rotherfield Providence Strict Baptist Chapel, Rotherfield.JPG
Bethel Chapel Rye Bethel Strict Baptist Chapel, Rye.JPG
Strict Baptist Church Scaynes Hill Scaynes Hill Strict Baptist Church (Geograph Image 1947775 d0f8d55f).jpg
Hope Chapel Sedgley
Moden Hill Chapel Sedgley
Providence Chapel Shoreham-by-Sea Providence Strict Baptist Chapel, Shoreham-by-Sea.jpg
Rehoboth Chapel Sible Hedingham
Bethel Chapel South Chard Bethel Strict Baptist Chapel - geograph.org.uk - 1311776.jpg
Bethel Chapel South Moreton Baptist Chapel - geograph.org.uk - 78908.jpg
Bethesda Chapel Southampton
Strict Baptist Chapel Southery
Southill Strict Baptist Chapel Southill Strict Baptist Chapel, Southill, Beds - geograph.org.uk - 172165.jpg
Providence Chapel Staplehurst Providence Street Baptist Chapel - geograph.org.uk - 1263768.jpg
Hope Chapel Stotfold Hope (Strict Communion) Baptist Chapel, Stotfold. - geograph.org.uk - 95196.jpg
Little Zoar Chapel Studley
Strict Baptist Chapel Swanwick Shore Swanwick Shore Strict Baptist Chapel - geograph.org.uk - 1436468.jpg
Strict Baptist Chapel Swavesey
Rehoboth Chapel Swindon Strict Baptist Chapel, Prospect Hill, Swindon - geograph.org.uk - 508372.jpg
Jireh Chapel Tenterden Jirah Chapel - geograph.org.uk - 1747958.jpg
Providence Chapel Thurlstone
Hanover Chapel Tunbridge Wells Hanover Chapel, Hanover Rd - geograph.org.uk - 1155548.jpg
Strict Baptist Chapel Uckfield Uckfield Strict Baptist Chapel.JPG
Strict Baptist Chapel Uffington Chapel Lane, Uffington - geograph.org.uk - 645402.jpg
Wattisham Strict Baptist Chapel Wattisham Wattisham Strict Baptist Chapel - geograph.org.uk - 1246062.jpg
Bethel Chapel Wivelsfield Wivelsfield Strict Baptist Chapel 6.JPG

Literatur[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

  • Albert W. Wardin: Baptists Around the World

Quellen[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

  1. Artikel Strict Communion, in: John H.Y. Briggs (Hg.): A Dictionary of European Baptist Life and Thought (Studies in Baptist History and Thought, 33). Paternoster, 2009, S. 483.
  2. R.G. Gardner: Strict and Particular Baptists, in: Bill J. Leonard (Hg.): Dictionary Offenbarung Baptists in America. InterVarsity Press, 1994, S. 262.

Weblinks[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]