Liste der Mon’in

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Diese Liste der Monin (jap. 門院) gibt sämtliche 108 mit diesem Titel (bzw. mit -in ()) geehrten japanischen Kaisergemahlinnen bzw. Kaisersmütter in chronologischer Reihenfolge.

Anmerkungen: adop. = adoptiert/e; Zahl in Spalte „Vater“ = …vielte Tochter; Status: (きさき) = kaiserliche Gattin kaiserlichen Geblüts; 後宮 (こうきゅう) = Kaisergemahlin im inneren Palast; 中宮 (ちゅうぐう) Kaisersgemahlin (im mittleren Palast); 女御 (にょうごう) nachrangige Kaisersgemahlin. Sterbedatum (nach westlichem Kalender). Alter beim Ableben nach japanischer Zählung, also bei Geburt 1 Jahr alt! Beachte: Es werden teilweise unreformierte Schreibungen verwendet (zum Beispiel = ; = ; = ; syn. )

Name Japanisch Geburtsname Vater Gemahlin des … Mutter des … Kloster­eintritt Ordens­name Gestorben Alter
Fujiwara no Akiko 藤原詮子 Fujiwara Senshi (= Akiko) Fujiwara Kaneie (2) Enyū 26.X.991 Higashi-Sanjō-in (東三條院) 1002
Jōtō-monin/Tōhoku-monin 上東門院/東北門院 Fujiwara Shōshi (= Akiko) (藤原彰子) Fujiwara Michinaga (1) Ichijō Go-Ichijō, Go-Shujaku Shōjō-kaku 87
Yōmei-monin 陽明門院 Teishi Sanjō-in Go-Suzaku Go-Sanjō Myōhō-kaku
Nijō-in 二條院 Shō-shi Go-Ichijō Go-Reizei 14.VII.1068
Ikuho-monin 郁芳門院 Tei-shi Shirakawa (1); adop. Fujiwara Morozane
Taiken-monin 待賢門院 Fujiwara Shōshi (= Tamako) Fujiwara Kinzane no Kyō Toba 25.III.1142 Shinnyo-hō 45
Kyōyō-in 高陽門院 Fujiwara Yasuko (davor: Kunshi) Jisoku-Kampaku Toba 24.VIII.1139 Shōjōri(shu) 16.I.1156 61
Bifuka-monin 美福門院 Fujiwara Tokuko Fujiwara Nagazane Toba Konoe 1.VII.1156 Shinshōjō (Shinjōku) 22.XII.1160 44
Kōka-monin 皇嘉門院 Fujiwara Seishi Fujiwara Tadamichi Sutoku 25.XI.1156 Shōjō-e 4.XII.1181
Jōsai-monin 上西門院 Tōshi (Shunshi) Toba (2) 26.III.1160 Shinnyo-ri 2.IX.1189 64
Hajijō-in 八條院 Kishi Toba (3) 27.VI.1152 Kongō-kan (Kongō-shō) 1211 75
Takamastu-in 高松院 Imoko Toba (4) Nijō Jissō-kaku 20.VII.1176 36
Kujō-in 九條院 Fujiwara Teishi Fujiwara Koremichi, adop.: Hōshōji-Kampaku 14.VIII.1167 42
Kenshun-monin 建春門院 Taira Shigeko Taira Tokinobu Go-Shirakawa Takakura
Kenrei-monin 建禮門院 Taira Tokuko (Tokushi) Taira Kiyomori (2) Takakura Antoku 12.VI.1184 Shinnyo-kaku 25.I.1214 (?8.I.1212) 59 (?57)
Imbu-monin 殷富門院 Ryōshi Go-Shirakawa (1) 25.XI.1192 Shinnyo-kan 19.IV.1216
Shichijō-in 七條門院 Fujiwara Shoku-shi (Masuko) Fujiwara Nobutaka Takakura (妃) 19.XII.1205 Shinnyo-chi 12.XII.1228 71
Senyō-monin 宣陽門院 Kinshi Go-Shirakawa (1) Chōkōdō 15.VII.1252 72
Gishū-monin 宜秋門院 Fujiwara Ninshi Fujiwara Kanezane (1) Go-Toba Shōjōchi 3.II.1238 65
Shōmei-monin 承明門院 Minamoto Ariko Fujiwara Michichika 9.I.1212 Shinnyo-kan 15.VIII.1257 86
Bō-monin 坊門院 Noriko Takakura, adop.: Fujiwara Mitsutaka 34
Shumei-monin 條明門院 Fujiwara Shigeko Fujiwara Norisue Go-Toba 28.VII.1221 Hōshō-kaku 83
Shunka-monin 春華門院 Shōshi Tsukiwa-Kampaku, adop.: Hachijō-in 14.XII.1211 17
Immei-monin 陰明門院 Fujiwara Reishi Fujiwara Yorizane Tsuchimikado 0 Shōjōmyō 1.XI.1243 59
Kayō-monin 嘉陽門院 Reishi Fujiwara Nobutaka 28.XI.1213 Shinnyo-shō 14.IX.1273 73
Higashi-Ichijō-in 東一條門院 Fujiwara Risshi Fujiwara Yoshitsune (= Go-Kyōgoku-Kampaku) Juntoku 31.VIII.1226 Shōjō-kan 18.I.1248 57
Kita-Shirakawa-in 北白河門院 Fujiwara Chin-shi Fujiwara Motoie 1222 Nyo-ritsu 66
Anka-monin 安嘉門院 Kuniko Go-Takakura Go-Horikawa 12.VI.1234 Shōnyo-kaku 24.XI.1283 75
Anki-monin 安?門院 Fujiwara Yushi Fujiwara Sanjō Kinfusa 4.XI.1246 Shinshōjō 2.III.1286
Takatsukasa-in 鷹司院 Fujiwara Nagako Fujiwara Iezane (= Inukuma-Kampaku) Go-Horikawa 7.V.1246 Renge-shō 9.III.1275 58
Sōheki-monin 藻璧門院 Fujiwara Shunshi Fujiwara Michiie (= Kōmyōhōji-Kampaku) Go-Horikawa Shijō 22.X.1233 25
Myōgi-monin 明義門院 Teishi Juntoku (1) 19.IV.1243 27
Shiki(i)ken-monin 右?門院 Rishi Go-Takakura (1) 8.XII.1239 Shinshōchi 25.I.1251 55
Sennin-monin 仁門院 Fujiwara Hiko-ko Kūjo Norizane 11.XI.1246 Shōjō-a 24.II.1262 36
Ōgimachi-in 上親院 Kaku-shi Tsuchimikado (1)  ? Shinnyo-kaku (?) 23.IX.1285 73
Muromachi-in 室町院 Kishi Fujiwara Ieyuki 17.IX.1246 Myohō-kaku 73
Ōmiya-in 大宮院 Fujiwara Kitsushi (Kisshi, Yoshiko) Fujiwara-Saionji Saneuji Go-Saga Go-Fusakawa, Kameyama 24.III.1272 Henchi-kaku 68
Senka-monin 仙華門院 Gishi Tsuchimikado (2) 5.X.1262 38
Eian-monin 永安門院 Shigeko Juntoku (2) 22.VII.1253 Richi-kaku 25.XII.1279 64
Shinsen-monin 神仙門院 Taishi Go-Hirakawa (2) 19.I.1262 Myōchi-kakau 71
Higashi-Nijō-in 東二條院 Fujiwara Kimiko Fujiwara Saneuji Go-Fukakusa 12.VII.1293 Shōgen 73
Kantoku-monin 和徳門院 Gishi Chūkyō 14.I.1288 Shinnyo-kaku 56
Kekka-monin 月華門院 Sōshi Go-Saga 3.IV.1269 23
Imadegawa-in 今出河院 Fujiwara Zenshi Fujiwara-Saionji Kinsuke Kameyama 3.IX.1283 Busshō-kaku 25.V.1318 67
Kyōgoku-in 京極院 Fujiwara Kitsushi Kameyama 1.X.1272 28
Shin-Yōmei-monin 新陽明門院 Fujiwara Ishi Fujiwara Motohira (= Shinshinin-Kampaku) Kameyama (妃) Kaku-ryū 26.II.1298 25
Ensei-monin 延政門院 Etsukoko Go-Soga (2) 23.IX.1285 Henshū-kaku (vorher: Shōjō-chi) 7.III.1332 74
Genki-monin 玄輝門院 Fujiwara Inshi Fujiwara Saneo Go-Fukakusa (妃) 18.IX.1291 ishōchi 23.IX.1329 84
Gojō-in 五條院 Ekishi Go-Saga 13.XII.1294 33
Yūgi-monin 遊義門院 Reishi Fukakusa (1) Go-Uda 22.VIII.1307 38
Eiyō-monin 永陽門院 Hisako Go-Fukakusa (2) Shinshōchi (vorher: Shinnyo-chi) 16.V.1346 74
Shōkei-monin 昭慶門院 Kishi Kameyama 21.XII.1306 Shōjōgen 16.IV.1324 52
Eifuku-monin 永福門院 Shōshi Fujiwara Sanetane Fushimi 12.VII.1316 Shinnyo-gen 72
Shōkun-monin 昭訓門院 Eishi Fujiwara Sanekane (2) Kameyama (妃) Shinsho-kaku 27.VII.1334 33
Eika-monin 永嘉門院 Mizuko Nakatsukasa-kyō shinnō, adop.: Kameyama Go-Uda (妃) 29.VIII.1334 Myōhō-chi 23.IX.1329 58
Yōtoku-monin 陽徳門院 Eishi (Ishi) Go-Fukakusa (3) 11.XII.1306 Enkakuchi 19.IX.1352 66?
Shōgi-monin 章義門院 Yoshi Fushimi (2) 4.IX.1313 Gedatsu-shin 13.XI.1336
Seika-monin 西華門院 Minamoto Motoko Horikawa Tomori, adop.: Mototomo (Dajō-Daijin) Go-Uda (妃) Shōjōhō 1.X.1355 86
Kōgi-monin 廣義門院 Fujiwara Neishi Sabasuke Mitsuyasu, adop.: Fujiwara Kinhira Go-Fuchimi Kazuhito (Kōgon) 7.IV.1336 1357 66?
Shōzen-monin 章善門院 Nagako Go-Fukakusa (4) 14.IX.1316 Shinshō-jaku 1338
Sakuhei-monin 朔平門院 Namako Fushimi (1) 24
Chōraku-monin 長楽門院 Kinshi Fujiwara Kintaka Go-Nijō Shinjitsukaku 16.II.1352
Emmei-monin 延明門院 Nobuko Fushimi 2.XI.1317 Shinshō-e 27
Danten-monin 談天門院 Tadako Fujiwara Tadatsugu Go-Uda (妃) Go-Daigo Renge-chi 27.XII.1319 52
Dat(su)chi-monin 達智門院 Shōshi Go-Uda (1) Shinri-kaku 23.XI.1348
Banshū-monin 萬秋門院 Tamako Ichijō Sanetsune (= Emmyō-ji Kampaku) 16.IV.1338 71
Jusei-monin 寿成門院 Benshi Go-Nijo (1) Shōjō-en
Kenshin-monin 顕親門院 Sueko Fujiwara Saneo Fushimi (後宮) Hanazono 14.X.1317 Enjō-kaku 25.III.1336 72
Sūmei-monin 崇明門院 Baishi Go-Uda Kuninaga shinnō 1326  ?
Go-Kyōgoku-in (postum; vorher Reisei-monin) 後京極院 Kishi (Nyūdō Dajō-Daijin) Sanekane (3) Go-Daigo (中宮) Kanshi (♀ = Sensei-monin) 19.XI.1333
Sensei-monin 宣政門院 Kanshi Go-Daigo (1) 48
Shōtoku-monin 章徳門院 Kōshi Go-Fushimi
Shin-muromachi-in 新室町院 Junshi Go-Fushimi (1) 31.V.1338 27
Kian-monin 徴安門院 Jushi Hanazono, adop.: Eiyō-monin Kōgon (妃) adop.: Go-Sūkō 1356 41
Senkō-monin 宣光門院 Fujiwara Saneko Fujiwara Saneaki Hanazono (Nebenfrau) (2 shinnō, 2 naishinnō) 5.XII.1348 Henshō-chi 64
Shin-Taiken-monin 新待賢門院 Fujiwara Renshi Fujiwara Kinkake, adop.: Fujiwara Kinkata Go-Daigo (妃) Tsunenaga-shinnō; Go-Murakami; Narinaga-shinnō; Shōshi (♀); Junshi (♀) (nach 1359)
Yōroku-monin (= Kōgon-in) 陽禄門院 Fujiwara Hideko Fujiwara (Ōgimachi) Kinhide (Dazai gon-no sotsu) Sūkō; Go-Kōgon 13.XII.1352 2.II.1353
Kaki-monin 嘉善門院 Fujiwara Shōshi Tsunetada, adop.: Nijō Moromoto Go-Murakami (nach) 29.III.1368
Shin-Senyō-monin 新宣陽門院 Kenshi (?) Go-Murakami; (? Minamoto Akiko)
Sūken-monin 崇賢門院 (Iwashimizu-Hachimangu Beamter:) Michikiyo, adop.: Hirohashi Kanetsuna Go-Kōgon (後宮) Go-Enyū; (2 shinnō) 1427 93
Tsuyō-monin 道陽門院 Fujiwara Takako Go-Enyū (後宮) Go-Komatsu 56
Kitayama no in 北山院 Fujiwara Yasuko Fujiwara Sukeyasu Asikaga Yoshimitsu 1419 52
Kōhan-monin 光範門院 Fujiwara Sukeko Hino Sukekuni Go-Komatsu (後宮) Shōkō 57
Fusei-monin 敷政門院 Minamoto Yukiko Niwata (Minamoto) Tsuneari Go-Suko-in (後宮) Go-Hanazono 15.V.1448
Karaku-monin 嘉楽門院 Fujiwara Nobuko Fujiwara Takanaga Go-Hanazono (後宮) Go-Tsuchimikado 1471 7.VI.1489 78
Buraku-monin 豐楽門院 Fujiwara Toshi Kanjuji (Fujiwara) Norihide Go-Kashiwabara (後宮) Go-Nara 1535
Kittoku-monin 吉徳門院 Fujiwara Eiko Madenokoji Katafusa Go-Nara (妃) Ōgimachi 1522
Shin-Jōtō-monin 新上東門院 Fujiwara Seishi Kanjuji (Fujiwara) Seiyū Yōkō-in Go-Yōzei; (4 shinnō) 76
Chūwa-monin 中和門院 Konoe Sakiko Konoe Sakihisa Go-Yōzei (女御) Go-Minoo; (3 shinnō) 56
Tōfuku-monin 東福門院 Minamoto (Tokugawa) Kazuko Tokugawa Hidetada Go-Minoo (中宮) Myōshō (= Meishō; ♀); (+2 shinnō, 4 Töchter) 1672 64
Mibu-in 壬生院 Fujiwara (Sono) Kōshi Sono Moto-tō Go-Minoo (後宮) Go-Kōmyō 1652 55
Shin-Kōgi-monin (postum) 新廣義門院 Fujiwara (Sono) Kishi Sono Moto-ne Go-Minoo (後宮) Reigen 1677 54
Hōshun-monin (postum) 逢春門院 Fujiwara (Kushizu) Ryūshi Kushizu Takamaru Go-Minoo (後宮) Go-Saiin; (u.a.) 1685 82
Shin-Jōsai-monin 新上西門院 Fujiwara Fusako Takatsukasa Norihira Reigen (中宮) 1712
Shōshū-monin 承秋門院 Yukiko Nyo-ō Arisugawa mo miya Yukihito Higashiyama (中宮) 1709 (?) Monin 41
Shin-Sūken-monin (postum) 新崇賢門院 Fujiwara Gashi Kushizu Takayoshi Higashiyama (典侍) Nakamikado; (4 shinnō, 1 naishinnō) 35
Keihō-monin 敬法門院 Fujiwara Muneko Matsuki Muneeda Reigen (後宮) Higashiyama (= Asahito-shinnō) 1732 76
Shin-Chūwa-monin (am Todestag) 新中和門院 Fujiwara Hisako Konoe Iehiro Nakamikado (女御) Sakuramachi 21
Reisei-monin 禮成門院 Kūshi Go-Kōmyō 2.VIII.1725 76
Seiki-monin 青綺門院 Nijō Ieko Nijō Yoshitada Sakuramachi (後宮) Go-Sakuramachi; (Pflegemutter:) Momozono 75
Kaimei-monin 開明門院 Fujiwara Sadako Ananokōji Saanetaki Sakuramachi (後宮) Momozono 25.III.1782 Tetsugaku 1789
Kyōrei-monin 恭禮門院 Fujiwara Tomiko Ichijō Kaneka Momozono (女御) 1795 53
Seika-monin 盛化門院 Fujiwara Koreko Konoe Uchisaki Go-Momozono (女御) Yoshiko; (Pflegemutter) Kōkaku 28.X.1783 28.X.1783
Shin-Kōka-monin (postum) 新皇嘉門院 Fujiwara Tsunako Takatsukasa Masahiro, adop.: Toyooka Hirasuke Ninkō (女御) Yasuhito 13.VII.1823 29
Shin-Seiwa-monin 新清和門院 Yoshiko Go-Momozono Kōkaku (中宮) adop.: Ayahito (= Ninkō) 1841 (?1840) 1846 68
Higashi-Kyōgoku-in (postum) 東京極院 Fujiwara Tadako Kanjuji Tsunenari Kōkaku (後宮) Ninkō 1843 64
Shin-Sakuhei-monin (am Todestag) 新朔平門院 Fujiwara Yasuko Takatsukasa Masahiro Ninkō (女御) 37
Shin-Taiken-monin 新待賢門院 Fujiwara Masako Ōgimachi Sanemitsu Ninkō (後宮) Kōmei; (2 shinnō) 1857 54

Quellen[Bearbeiten]

  • Bohner, Hermann; Nyōin Shōden; in: Kluge, I. L. (Hrsg.); Ostasiatische Studien; Berlin 1959 (Deutsche Akademie der Wissenschaften), S 18-52; (Bis Yōroku-monin Übersetzung des Originaltextes - vollendet um 1350 - gebend.)
  • Orig. in: Shinkō Gunsho ruijū; Tokio 1930; Bd 3.