Imogen Holst

aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie
Wechseln zu: Navigation, Suche

Imogen Claire Holst (* 12. April 1907 in Richmond upon Thames (Surrey); † 9. März 1984 in Aldeburgh, Suffolk) war eine englische Musikschriftstellerin, Komponistin und Dirigentin.

Leben[Bearbeiten]

Holst − Tochter des Komponisten Gustav Holst und seiner Ehefrau Isobel Harrison − besuchte die St Paul's Girls School in Hammersmith und studierte am Royal College of Music in London. Während des Zweiten Weltkriegs, arbeitete sie von 1941 bis 1944 als Organisatorin beim Council for the Encouragement of Music and the Arts und von 1943 bis 1951 als musikalische Leiterin beim Arts Centre in der Dartington Hall School.

1952 ging Holst als Mitarbeiterin von Benjamin Britten nach Aldeburgh und wurde 1956 künstlerische Leiterin des dortigen Festivals. 1953 gründete sie die Purcell Singers, deren Dirigentin sie bis 1967 war. Unter ihren Schriften wurde vor allem die Biographie ihres Vaters bekannt. Weitere Bücher befassen sich mit mittelalterlicher Musik, Volks-, Renaissance- und Barockmusik. Sie schrieb Biographien über William Byrd, Henry Purcell, Johann Sebastian Bach, Benjamin Britten und ihren Vater Gustav Holst.

Die Komponistin Imogen Holst hinterließ ein umfangreiches musikalisches Werk, das reichhaltige instrumentale, vocale und orchestrale Genres umfasst. Ebenso vielseitig arbeitete sie als Arrangeurin.

Veröffentlichungen[Bearbeiten]

  • Imogen Holst: Das ABC der Musik. Grundbegriffe, Harmonik, Formen, Instrumente. Mit einem Vorwort von Benjamin Britten Englischen Originalausgabe 1963, übersetzt von Meinhard Saremba, Reclam Sachbuch, 7. Auflage, ISBN 978-3-15-018681-7.

(Die folgende Liste ist der englischen Wikipedia entnommen)

  • Gustav Holst: A biography. Oxford University Press, London 1938. (Neuauflage 1969).
  • The Music of Gustav Holst. Oxford University Press, London 1951. (revidierte Ausgaben 1968 und 1985, letztere mit Zusatz Holst's Music Reconsidered).
  • The Book of the Dolmetsch Descant Recorder. Boosey & Hawkes, London 1957.
  • The Story of Music („The Wonderful World“ Serie). Rathbone, London. (Coauthor Benjamin Britten).
  • Heirs and Rebels: Letters Written to Each Other, and Occasional Writings on Music by Ralph Vaughan Williams and Gustav Holst. Oxford University Press, London 1959. (Coauthorin Ursula Vaughan Williams).
  • Henry Purcell, 1659–1695: Essays on his Music. Oxford University Press, London 1959. (Hrsg.).
  • Henry Purcell: The Story of his Life and Work. Boosey & Hawkes, London 1961.
  • Tune. Faber & Faber, London 1962..
  • An ABC of Music: a Short Practical Guide to the Basic Essentials of Rudiments, Harmony, and Form 1963, ISBN 0-19-317103-1.
  • Your Book of Music. Faber & Faber, London 1964.
  • Bach („Great Composers“ Serie). Faber & Faber, London 1965.
  • Britten („Great Composers“ Serie). Faber & Faber, London 1966.
  • Byrd („Great Composers“ Serie). Faber & Faber, London 1972, ISBN 0-571-09813-4.
  • Conducting a Choir: a Guide for Amateurs. Oxford University Press, London 1973, ISBN 0-19-313407-1.
  • Holst („Great Composers“ Serie). Faber & Faber, London 1974, ISBN 0-571-09967-X. (Neuauflage 1981)
  • A Thematic Catalogue of Gustav Holst's Music. Faber Music, in conjunction with G & I Holst Ltd, London 1974, ISBN 0-571-10004-X.

Imogen Holst schrieb zwischen 1935 und 1984 auch zahlreiche Artikel, Pamphlete, Aufsätze, Einführungen und Programmeinführungen.[1]

Werkliste[Bearbeiten]

(S= Sopran; A= Alt; T= Tnor; B= Bass)

1. Original Kompositionen[Bearbeiten]

Genre Jahr Titel Forces
(instrumental und vocal)
Bemerkungen
Kammermusik 1918 Sonata in D minor Violine, Viola, Cello and Klavier Opus 1 (nur die ersten vier Werke sind nummeriert)
Unaccompanied tune 1918 Four English Christmas Carols Opus 2
Instrumental 1918 Duet Viola und Klavier Opus 3
Instrumental 1920 The Masque of the Tempest Flöte, Klarinette, Triangel und Streicher Opus 4
Choral 1921 Arrangement: „Resonet in Laudibus" Stimmen unisono und kleines Orchester
Choral 1925 An Essex Rhapsody gemischter Chor und Orchester
Vocal 1925 Three songs (words: Walter de la Mare) gemischte Stimmen, zwei Violinen und Cello
Vocal 1926 Two Four-part Rounds Unbegleitete Stimmen
Vocal 1926 „Weathers“ (song) (Text: Thomas Hardy) Stimme solo und Klavier
Instrumental 1926 Theme and variations Solo Klavier
Choral 1927 Mass in A minor Chor SSATB
Instrumental 1927 Suite in F: „Allegro assai" Streicher
Orchestral 1927 Suite: „Moderato" Kleines Orchester
kammermusik 1928 Quintet Oboe und Streicher
Instrumental 1928 Sonata in G Violine und Klavier
Kammermusik 1928 Phantasy Streichquartett
Kammermusik 1928 Suite Flöte, Oboe, Klarinette, Fagott
Orchestral 1929 Overture: Persephone Orchester
Blechbläser Band 1929 Suite: The Unfortunate Traveller Blaskapelle
Instrumental 1930 Suite: The Unfortunate Traveller Streicher Arrangement einer Suite für Blaskapelle (1929)
Choral 1930 „What Man is He" Chorus SATB und Orchestra Text aus Wisdom IX: 13–17
Ballet 1930 Meddling in Magic Orchester
Instrumental 1930 Suite Unbegleitete Viola
kammermusik 1930 Sonata Violine und Cello
Orchestral 1932 Morris Suite Kleines Orchester
Instrumental 1934 Five Short Airs on a Ground Flöten
Instrumental 1934 Five Short Pieces Solo Klavier
Instrumental 1934 Six Pictures from Finland Solo Klavier
Choral 1934 Wedding Hymn: „Father in Thine Almighty Hand“ (Worte: Eleanor Spensley) Stimmen SATB
Orchestral 1934 Incidental music: The Song of Solomon Orchester Music for a Hollywood pageant
Concertante 1935 Concerto for violin and string orchestra Solo Violine und Streicher Basiert auf traditionellen irischen Melodien
Instrumental 1935 Four Easy Pieces Viola und Klavier
Orchestral 1935 On Westhall Hill Kleines Orchester
Choral 1935 Carol: „My Bairn, Sleep Softly Now“ (Anon.) Unbegleitete Frauenstimmen (SSSAA) oder Solo Sopran und Flöten
Instrumental 1936 Canons Gemischte Flöten
Vocal 1936 „Fly Away Over the Sea“ (Worte: Christina Rossetti) Zwei Soprane und Klavier
Vocal 1936 Canon: „Great Art Thou, O Lord" Fünf unbegleitete gleiche Stimmen
Vocal 1936 „Lady Daffadowndilly“ (words: Christina Rossetti) gemischte Stimmen und Klavier
Choral 1936 „Now Will I Weave White Violets“ (Worte: Meleager of Gadara) Frauen Stimmen (SSA)
Choral 1937 Incidental music: Nicodemus Chor und Orchestra
Instrumental 1937 12 Songs for Children (piano accompaniments) Klavier
Vocal 1937 „Little Thinkest Thou, Poore Flower“ (words: John Donne) Stimme und Klavier
Instrumental 1939 „Prelude and Dance" Klavier
Orchestral 1939 Eothen Suite Kleines Orchester
Choral 1940 „The Cherry Tree Carol" SATB unbegleitet
Instrumental 1940 Six Shakespeare songs Drei Blockflöten
Choral 1940 „A Hymne to Christ“ (words: John Donne) Chor SATB
Chamber 1941 Offley Suite Blockflöten Trio
Instrumental 1941 Deddington Suite Blockflöten Trio
Kammermusik 1942 Serenade Flöte, Viola und Fagott
Instrumental 1943 Suite Streichorchester
Choral 1943 Three Psalms Chor SSAATB und Streicher
Instrumental 1943 Theme and variations Solo Violine
Concertante 1944 Oboe concerto Oboe und Orchester
Kammermusik 1944 First String Trio Violine, Viola, Cello
Choral 1944 Five songs (words: Anon., Robert Herrick, John Donne) Stimmen SSSAA
Vocal 1944 Four Songs (words: Tottel's Miscellany) Sopran und Klavier
Choral 1945 Hierusalem (words: Tottel's Miscellany) Achtstimiger Frauenchor
Oper 1945 Young Beichan (libretto: Beryl de Zoete) Solisten, Chor und Orchester Marionettenoper in sieben Szenen
Instrumental 1945 Offley Suite Streicher Arrangement fur Klavieranfänger und Anfänger-Streicherklasse
Instrumental 1946 Duet for treble recorders Duett für gemischte Blockflöten
Instrumental 1946 Six Canons Violinen Übungen für Violine
Choral 1946 Anthem: „How Manifold are thy Works" Chor, unspezifiziert
Choral 1946 Four Canons for Winsome Female voices Für Winsome Bartlett, Kollege von IH in Dartington[2]
Kammermusik 1946 String Quartet No. 1 Streichquartett Nr.1
Choral 1947 Birthday Canon for Winsome: „Open me the gates of righteousness" Stimmen SATB
Choral 1947 Birthday Part-Song for Winsome: „The lopped tree in time may grow again" Stimmen SSAA
Vocal 1948 Round: „I stand as still as any stone" Vier Stimmen (unspezifiziert)
Chamber 1949 String quartet No. 2 Streichquartett Nr. 2
Vocal 1950 Incidental music, Prometheus (words: Aeschylus) Stimmen (unspezifiziert) und Viola unbegleitet
Choral 1950 Six part-songs: Welcome Joy and Welcome Sorrow Stimmen SSA und Harfe (oder Klavier)
Opera 1951 Benedick and Beatrice Solisten, Cchor und Orchester Oper in einem Akt, basierend auf Figuren (Charaktere) von Shakespeare[3]
Choral 1955 Motet: „Lavabo inter innocentes" Stimmen SSSAA
Instrumental 1962 The Fall of the Leaf: three short studies on a 16th-century tune Solo Cello
Choral 1962 „The Twelve Kindly Months“ (Worte: Thomas Tusser) Stimmen SSA
Instrumental 1962 Variations on „Loth to Depart" Streichquartett und zwei Streichorchester
Instrumental 1962 String Trio No. 2 Violine, Viola and Cello
Choral 1964 „As Laurel Leaves That Cease Not to Be Green“ (from Tottel's Miscellany) Stimmen SSA
Choral 1964 „That Lord that Lay in Asse Stall" Stimmen SATB
Choral 1965 Carol: „Make Ye Merry For Him That Is To Come" Stimmen SSATB
Choral 1965 „Not Unto Us O Lord" Zwei gemischte und hohe Chöre (stimmt Übersetzung?), Orgel, optional Röhren-Glocken
Choral 1965 Cantata: The Sun's Journey Sopran- und Altchöre, kleines Orchester (oder Klavier)
Orchestral 1965 Triannon Suite Orchester
Instrumental 1966 Fanfare for the Grenadier Guards Drei Trompeten, Horn, zwei Posaunen
Instrumental 1966 Fanfare for Thaxted Zwei Trompeten, Flöte, Glocken
Instrumental 1967 Leiston Suite Bläserquartett
Instrumental 1968 Duo Viola und Klavier
Choral 1968 „Out of Your Sleep arise and Wake" unbegleiteter Chor SSATTB
Instrumental 1969 Badingham Chime Handglocken
Blechbläser Band 1969 Theme and seven variations: The Glory of the West Blechbläser Band
Orchestral 1969 Woodbridge Suite Orchester
Instrumental 1970 Fantasia on Hampshire Folk Tunes Streichorchester
Instrumental 1972 Iken Fanfare Schul-Blaskapelle
Choral 1972 „Hallo My Fancy, Whither Wilt Thou Go“ (words: William Cleland) SSTBB und Counter-tenor
Vocal 1974 „Farewell to Rod" Solo Stimme und Continuo
Concertante 1976 Joyce's Divertimento Viola und Orchester
Orchestral 1977 Deben Calendar Orchester
Instrumental 1980 February Welcome Handglocken
Vocal 1980 A Greeting Zwei Soprane, Mezzo-Sopran und Klavier
Vocal 1982 „Song for a Well-Loved Librarian Sopran, Mezzo-Sopran, Tenor und Bariton Gewidmed Fred Ferry, librarian to the Britten-Pears Library[4]baritone
Chamber 1982 String Quintet Streichquintett:zwei Violinen, Viola, zwei Celli
Vocal 1984 Homage to William Morris Bass Stimme und Streichbass
Instrumental 1984 Recorder sextet Sopranino, zwei Discant-, zwei gemischte- und Tenorblockflöte
Instrumental 1984 Concerto for recorder and string orchestra
Instrumental 1984 Duett Violine und Cllo

2. Arrangements[Bearbeiten]

Genre Jahr Titel Forces
(instrumental und vocal)
Bemerkungen
Instrumental 1932 First Book of Tunes for the Pipes Pipes Collected and arranged
Instrumental 1933 Selected 18th Century Dances Piano Collected and arranged
Instrumental 1933 Second Book of Tunes for the Pipes Pipes Collected and arranged
Instrumental 1933 Two Scottish Airs Cello and piano
Vocal 1934 Four Oxfordshire Folk Songs Two sopranos and piano
Vocal 1934 Four Somerset Folk Songs Two sopranos and alto
Orchestral 1934 Love in a Mist or The Blue-Haired Stranger Orchestra Arranged from music by Scarlatti
Choral 1934 Folk song: „Nowell and Nowell" Mixed voices
Vocal 1934 Six Scottish Folk Songs Voice, pipes piano
Orchestral 1934 Traditional Country Dances Orchestra Arranged for the Cecil Sharp House Orchestra and others
Instrumental 1935 Four Folk Tunes from Hampshire Unison violins and piano
Orchestral 1935 „Intermezzo“ from Gustav Holst's First Suite in E flat Orchestra Orchestral arrangement
Choral 1935 Folk song: „The Virgin Unspotted" Unaccompanied female voices (SSA)
Instrumental 1936 Twelve Old English Dance Airs Pipes Arrangements, from Playford's English Dancing Master
Choral 1936 „Wassail Song" Unaccompanied men's chorus Arranged from Gustav Holst's setting for mixed voices
Instrumental 1937 Six Old English Dances Piano Arrangements, from Playford's English Dancing Master
Choral 1937 Folk song: „A Sweet Country Life" Unaccompanied SATB voices
Choral 1937 Folk song from Hampshire: „The Cobbler" Unaccompanied SATB voices
Choral 1937 „A Cornish Wassail Song" Unaccompanied SATB voices
Brass band 1937 Coronation Country Dances Brass band Co-arrangement with Gordon Jacob
Instrumental 1937 The Rival Sisters" Strings, ad lib woodwind and percussion Arrangements of Purcell's suite for small orchestra
Vocal 1938 Pelham Humphrey: Three Songs (Pelham Humphrey) Voice and piano
Vocal 1938 Ten Appalachian Folk Songs Voice and piano
Choral 1940 Six Traditional Carols (first set) SSA voices Completed between 1940 and 1946
Vocal 1940 Pastoral scene: Nymphs and Shepherds SSA voices, strings, optional recorders Based on music by Purcell
Choral 1940 Dorset folk carol: „Come All You Worthy People" SSA voices
Instrumental 1940 Pelham Humphrey: Five airs Recorder trio
Vocal 1941 Pelham Humphrey: Song „Nature's Homily" Baritone and piano
Instrumental 1942 Handel's „As When the Dove" Continuo
Instrumental 1942 A Bach Book for the Treble Recorder Treble recorder Selected and edited by IH
Vocal 1942 Three Carols from Other Lands Unspecified
Choral 1943 „Of a Rosemary Branch Sent" SATB voices with strings
Choral 1943 Shropshire folk carol: „All Under the Leaves" SSA voices Also known as „The Seven Virgins"
Choral 1943 Cornish folk-carol: „Cherry, Holly and Ivy" SATB voices
Choral 1945 Bach's Cantata No. 79: „God the Lord is Son and Shield" SSA voices
Instrumental 1945 Purcell's The Tempest Piano, flute, descant recorder, oboe, clarinet, strings
Orchestral 1945 Three Somerset Folk Songs Small orchestra
Instrumental 1947 British Folk Songs Solo piano
Choral 1948 Six Traditional Carols (Second set) SSA voices
Choral 1949 Gustav Holst: „Lullay my Liking" SSA voices with solo soprano
Choral 1949 Six Christmas Carols (Third set) SSA and SSAA voices
Instrumental 1950 Purcell: Four songs Recorder ensemble
Choral 1950 „Greensleeves" SSA voices
Instrumental 1950 Purcell: Seventeen songs Piano, two violins, cello ad lib
Choral 1950 Folk song: „I Must Live All Alone" SSA voices
Instrumental 1951 Ten Indian Folk Tunes from the Punjab Descant recorder Transcribed by IH and Prabhakar Chinchore
Choral 1952 Handel: L'Allegro, il Penseroso ed il Moderato Equal voices with ad lib soprano and alto soli
Instrumental 1952 „Sellenger's Round" Strings Arrangement of Byrd setting
Vocal 1953 Daniel Purcell: „By What I've Seen I am Undone" Voice and piano
Vocal 1953 Henry Carey: Four Songs Voice and piano
Orchestral 1954 Britten: „March from the Courtly Dances sequence in Gloriana Orchestra Orchestral arrangement
Vocal 1954 Britten: Second Lute Song of Earl of Essex, from Gloriana Voice and piano
Choral 1955 Britten: Choral Dances from Gloriana Tenor solo and SATB chorus
Instrumental 1955 Bach: A Christmas Canon Recorder quartet
Vocal 1955 Handel: „For Ever Blessed Be Thy Holy Name" Voice and piano
Choral 1955 Folk song: „O Can Ye Sew Cushions" SSA voices and piano From Britten's Folk Song arrangements Vol. 1
Choral 1955 Six Scottish Songs SSA voices unaccompanied
Choral 1955 Traditional Songs of Scotland SSA voices unaccompanied
Vocal 1955 Arne: „Under the Greenwood Tree" Voice and piano
Vocal 1956 Sea shanty: „Sally Brown" Voices and recorders
Opera 1956 Venus and Adonis Unspecified From the original by John Blow: prepared for the 1956 Aldeburgh Festival[5]
Choral 1957 „Singing for Pleasure" Female voices Song collection
Choral 1958 Six Traditional Carols (Fourth Set) Unaccompanied SSA and SSSA voices
Choral 1959 „A Jubilee Book of English Folk Songs" Unison voices and piano Song collection
Choral 1959 Ten songs from John Wilson's Cheerfull Ayres and Ballads (1659) SSA voices
Instrumental 1960 Fifty Bach tunes Recorder Arranged from originals
Instrumental 1960 Ten Bach tunes Recorder Arranged from originals
Choral 1960 A Yacre of Land: 16 folksongs from collection of Ralph Vaughan Williams Unison voices and piano, or unaccompanied voices Co-arranged by IH and Ursula Vaughan Williams
Vocal 1961 Nineteen Songs from Folk Songs of Europe, ed. Maud Karpeles Voice and piano accompaniment
Choral 1961 Tunes from Kentucky Equal voices and junior orchestra
Choral 1962 Heinrich Schütz: The Passion According to St John Soloists and unaccompanied chorus Co-edited and arranged by IH and Peter Pears
Choral 1964 Scottish Traditional Song: „A Wee Bird Cam' to Our Ha'Door" SATB voices
Choral 1965 The Passion According to St Luke Unaccompanied voices Edited and arranged for performance from 15thC manuscripts
Choral 1965 Heinrich Schütz: The Passion According to St Matthew Soloists and unaccompanied chorus Co-edited and translated by IH and Peter Pears
Vocal 1966 Thomas Tudway: „I Will Lift Up Mine Eyes" Soprano and continuo
Choral 1966 George Kirbye: „O Jesu, Look" SSATB voices
Opera 1967 Purcell: The Faerie Queen (shortened version) Soloists, chorus and orchestra Edited and prepared for concert performance by IH, Peter Pears and Benjamin Britten
Choral 1967 Bach: The Passion According to St John Soloists, chorus and orchestra Edited by Benjamin Britten and IH; English translation by Peter Pears
Orchestral 1967 Lully: Suite from Persée Orchestra Edited from original by IH and Emanuel Hurwitz
Vocal 1967 Three Carol Arrangements Three equal unaccompanied voices
Vocal 1967 Twenty Traditional British Folk Songs unaccompanied voices in part song
Choral 1968 Purcell: Wedding anthem, „How Blest Are They“ Mixed voices, soprano and bass soli Arranged by IH and Philip Ledger
Choral 1969 Purcell: „Remember Not, O Lord" Male chorus
Instrumental 1970 William Byrd: „Browning" Violin, two violas, two cellos
Choral 1970 English folk song: „Gypsy Davy" Unaccompanied chorus Arranged as a ballad
Vocal 1978 Pelham Humphrey and John Blow: „A Dialogue Between Two Penitents" Two tenors and continuo
Instrumental 1981 Seventeenth-century traditional English dance: „About Ship" Piano duet
Instrumental 1983 Seven tunes by Gustav Holst piano Arrangement for elementary piano

3. Aufnahmen[Bearbeiten]

  • CD: Messe a-Moll etc, Choir of Clare College, Cambridge, The Dmitri Ensemble, Graham Ross, 2013, harmonia mundi HMH 907576.
  • CD: Streichquartett Nr. 1, zusammen mit Quartetten von B. Britten u.a., 1993.
  •  »Phantasy«-Quartett, Aufführung BBC Proms 19. August 2013.

Weblinks[Bearbeiten]

Einzelnachweise[Bearbeiten]

  1. Eine Liste ausgewählter Artikel und Programme enthält die Bibliographie von Christopher Grogan: Imogen Holst: A Life in Music S. 464/65. The Boydell Press, Woodbridge, Suffolk 2010, ISBN 978-1-84383-599-8.
  2. Grogan (ed.), p. 141
  3. Grogan (ed.) p. 142
  4. Grogan (ed.), p. 425
  5. Grogan (ed.), pp. 345–46