Oscar/Scientific and Technical Academy Award of Merit

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Der Academy Award of Merit der Scientific and Technical Awards ist eine seit 1931 vergebene Auszeichnung der Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Sie würdigt Leistungen, die wesentlichen Einfluss auf den technischen Fortschritt der Filmindustrie haben. Diese Leistungen müssen nicht im der Auszeichnung vorangegangenen Jahr erbracht worden sein.

Der Academy Award of Merit ist vor dem Preis für Wissenschaft und Entwicklung (Class II) und dem Preis für Technische Verdienste (Class III) die höchste Oscar-Ehrung für technische Leistungen innerhalb der Filmindustrie. Als Class-I-Auszeichnung erhalten die Preisträger eine Oscar-Statuette.[1] Der Academy Award of Merit wird nicht jedes Jahr vergeben.

Preisträger[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

Jahr Preisträger Preisbegründung (englisch) Kategorie
1931 1) Electrical Research Products, RCA-Photophone, RKO Radio Pictures
2) DuPont Film, Eastman Kodak Company
1) for noise reduction recording equipment
2) for super-sensitive panchromatic film
1) Ton
2) Film
1937 Douglas Shearer, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studio Sound Department for the development of a practical two-way horn system and a biased Class A push-pull recording system Ton
1938 Agfa Ansco for Agfa Supreme and Agfa Ultra Speed pan motion picture negatives Film
1941 20th Century Fox for the design and construction of the 20th Century Silenced Camera Kamera
1950 Eastman Kodak Company for the development and introduction of an improved safety base motion picture film Film
1953 1) Eastman Kodak Company
2) Ansco Division
1) for the introduction of Eastman color negative and Eastman color print film
2) for the introduction of Ansco color negative and Ansco color print film
1) Film
2) Film
1954 1) Henri Chrétien, Earl Sponable, Sol Halprin, Lorin Grignon, Herbert Bragg, Carl Faulkner
2) Fred Waller
1) for creating, developing and engineering the equipment, processes and techniques known as CinemaScope
2) for designing and developing the multiple photographic and projection systems which culminated in Cinerama
1) Systems
2) Systems
1955 Paramount Pictures, Loren L. Ryder, John R. Bishop et al. for developing a method of producing and exhibiting motion pictures known as VistaVision Systems
1956 National Carbon for the development and production of a high efficiency yellow flame carbon for motion picture color photography Beleuchtung
1958 1) Todd-Ao, Westrex
2) Motion Picture Research Council
1) for developing a method of producing and exhibiting wide-film motion pictures known as the Todd-AO System
2) for the design and development of a high efficiency projection screen for drive-in theatres
1) Systems
2) Projektion
1965 Petro Vlahos, Wadsworth E. Pohl, Ub Iwerks for the conception and perfection of techniques for Color Traveling Matte Composite Cinematography Special Photographic
1969 1) Philip V. Palmquist, Herbert Meyer, Charles D. Staffell
2) Eastman Kodak Company
1) for the development of a successful embodiment of the reflex background projection system for composite cinematography
2) for the development and introduction of a color reversal intermediate film for motion pictures
1) Special Photographic
2) Film
1978 Garrett Brown, Cinema Products for the invention and development of Steadicam Kamerakran
1979 1) Eastman Kodak Company
2) Stefan Kudelski
3) Panavision
1) for the research and development of a Duplicating Color film for Motion Pictures
2) for the continuing research, design and development of the Nagra Production Sound Recorder for Motion Pictures
3) for the concept, design and continuous development of the Panaflex Motion Picture Camera System
1) Film
2) Ton
3) Kamera
1980 Mark Serrurier for the progressive development of the Moviola from the 1924 invention of his father, Iwan Serrurier, to the present Series 20 sophisticated film editing equipment Filmschnitt
1981 Linwood G. Dunn, Cecil D. Love, Acme Tool and Manufacturing for the concept, engineering and development of the Acme-Dunn Optical Printer for motion picture special effects Laboratory
1982 Fuji Photo Film for the research, development and introduction of a new Ultra-high-speed color negative film for motion pictures Film
1983 August Arnold, Erich Kästner for the concept and engineering of the first operational 35mm, hand-held, spinning-mirror reflex, motion picture camera Kamera
1984 Kurt Larche (Osram) for the research and development of xenon short-arc discharge lamps for motion picture projection Projektion
1988 Bernhard Kühl, Werner Block (Osram) for the invention and the continuing improvement of the OSRAM HMI light source for motion picture photography Beleuchtung
1989 Ray Dolby, Ioan Allen for their continuous contributions to motion picture sound through the research and development programs of Dolby Laboratories Ton
1991 Eastman Kodak Company for the development of T-Grain technology and the introduction of EXR color negative films which utilize this technology Film
1993 Chadwell O’Connor for the concept and engineering of the fluid-damped camera head for motion picture photography Stage Operations
1994 1) Panavision
2) Manfred G. Michelson
1) for the Auto Panatar anamorphic photographic lens
2) for the design and development of the first sprocket-driven film transport system for color print film processors which permits transport speeds in excess of 600 feet per minute
1) Linsen und Filter
2) Laboratory
1995 1) Petro Vlahos, Paul Vlahos
2) Eastman Kodak Company
1) for the conception and development of the Ultimatte Electronic Blue Screen Compositing Process for motion pictures
2) for the development of the Eastman EXR Color Intermediate Film 5244
1) Special Photographic
2) Film
1997 IMAX for the method of filming and exhibiting high-fidelity, large-format, wide-angle motion pictures Systems
1998 Gunnar P. Michelson for the engineering and development of an improved, electronic, high-speed, precision light valve for use in motion picture printing machines Laboratory
1999 Avid Technology for the concept, system design and engineering of the Avid Film Composer for motion picture editing Editorial und Pre-production
2001 Rob Cook, Loren Carpenter, Ed Catmull for their significant advancements to the field of motion picture rendering as exemplified in Pixar's „RenderMan Special Photographic
2003 1) Alias/Wavefront
2) Arnold & Richter Cine Technik, Panavision
1) for the development of a 3D animation, dynamics, modeling and rendering production tool Maya
2) for their continuing development and innovation in the design and manufacturing of advanced camera systems specifically designed for the motion picture entertainment industry
1) Digital Imaging Technology
2) Kamera
2004 1) Digidesign
2) Bill Tondreau
1) for the design, development and implementation of the Pro Tools® digital audio workstation
2) for his significant advancements in the field of motion control technology for motion picture visual effects
1) Ton
2) Systems
2005 1) Horst Burbulla
2) Jean-Marie Lavalou, Alain Masseron, David Samuelson
1) for the invention and continuing development of the Technocrane telescoping camera crane
2) for the engineering and development of the Louma Camera Crane and remote system for motion picture production
1) Kamerakran
2) Kamerakran
2008 Eastman Kodak Company for the development of photographic emulsion technologies incorporated into the Kodak Vision2 family of color negative films Laboratory
2012 Franz Kraus, Johannes Steurer, Wolfgang Riedel for the design and development of the ARRILASER Film Recorder Laboratory
2013 Cooke Optics Limited for their continuing innovation in the design, development and manufacture of advanced camera lenses that have helped define the look of motion pictures over the last century Laboratory

Weblinks[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

Einzelnachweise[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]

  1. Vgl. oscars.org